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Questions Answered by James H. Wilson Jr.
1 Answer | Asked in Civil Rights, Family Law and Health Care Law for Virginia on
Q: Is my past mental health evaluation protected by HIPAA PRIVACY RULE or civil rights ; taken without permission and used

After being in relationship 7 years with a registered nurse relationship ended with a 1 year old child . EXTREMELY OBVIOUS that she took my personal mental health evaluation (without my permission) preformed 20 years ago . without shadow of doubt secretly used against me in a 5 year horrific... Read more »

James H. Wilson Jr.
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James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on Sep 20, 2022

It is not clear that the evaluation was used against you. You could always check the court's file at the clerk's office. A court ordered evaluation could be admissible without an expert witness. Anything else would be hearsay, and the evaluator would likely be required to appear and... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Divorce for Virginia on
Q: I filed for divorce but my wife refuses to move out of my house. How can I legally remove her from the house?

I bought my house 5 years ago, we’ve been married for less than a year. She is no where on the house. I am the owner. I will be paying her ½ if the amount paid to principal for the length of the marriage. How can I legally get her to move out if I already filed for divorce. Is there a Set length... Read more »

James H. Wilson Jr.
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James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on Sep 16, 2022

For various good cause shown, a spouse can ask for exclusive possession of the marital residence as part of the pendente lite relief available in a Virginia divorce case. The public policy of the Commonwealth of Virginia is to promote marriage, not to make divorce easy. Marriage provides a... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Landlord - Tenant and Foreclosure for Virginia on
Q: In Arlington VA I need to evict previouse owner from a foreclosed home. Is this a 3 or 5 days notice? I need assistance

In Arlington VA , I need to evict previouse owner from a foreclosed home. Is this a 3 or 5 days notice? advice ?

I need REASONABLE professional assistance.

James H. Wilson Jr.
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James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on Sep 8, 2022

A former owner of real estate that was sold at a foreclosure auction becomes a tenant at sufferance after delivery of a deed from the substitute trustee. A tenant at sufferance is one who enters into possession of real property lawfully, but remains in possession unlawfully. After title to the... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Family Law and Child Custody for Virginia on
Q: I have sole legal and physical custody, petition for amendment but I'm not recognized as respondent. How can this be ?

I am a paternal great grandmother with custody of my great grandson who has lived with me since birth and will be 14 this October and has never lived with his mother who has petitioned to amend custody and my grandson, the father is currently incarcerated and has been provided a GAL. Neither... Read more »

James H. Wilson Jr.
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James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on Sep 2, 2022

In Virginia, a motion to modify or amend must reference the existing order and recite its relevant provisions. If a third party has custody or visitation, that person is a necessary party to the proceeding, and must be served with notice. In order to prevail, a person seeking to modify an... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Family Law for Virginia on
Q: If someone gives false info on a marriage license, is the marriage invalidated? Virginia.
James H. Wilson Jr.
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James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on Sep 1, 2022

Virginia is not a common-law marriage state and requires that the parties to a marriage in Virginia must first obtain a license from the state. Virginia Code Section 20-31 corrects defects in marriage licenses if the marriage is otherwise lawful and is consummated by the parties with the belief it... Read more »

3 Answers | Asked in Probate for Virginia on
Q: Who gets the house if both husband and wife die without a will and it never went to probate in Virginia?

My sister and her husband are owners of a home. Both have died and their son took over the house but never put it through probate. He is now dying and doesn’t have a will. He has diminished mental capacity at this time. Since the house is still in my dead sister and brother-in-law’s names,... Read more »

James H. Wilson Jr.
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James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on Sep 1, 2022

When a Virginia resident dies intestate, without a will, the real property "drops like a stone" into the names of the heirs at law. The heirs at law are the persons specified in the course of descents in Virginia's intestate succession statutes, Sections 64.2-200 to -206. You do... Read more »

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1 Answer | Asked in Divorce for Virginia on
Q: Can the opposing party bring you an acceptance waiver to sign at home and then have their notary sign it?
James H. Wilson Jr.
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James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on Aug 31, 2022

In Virginia, a notary public must verify the identity of a person signing the document, either in front of the notary public, or by the signer acknowledging the signature in the presence of the notary public, or via a videoconference if the notary has satisfied the requirements to be an electronic... Read more »

2 Answers | Asked in Estate Planning and Probate for Virginia on
Q: My brother died he and a friend bought a house years ago and he willed everything to me how do I get my half of equity

I live in PA and the house is in VA, what would I have to do to get my half of the equity in the property

James H. Wilson Jr.
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James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on Aug 28, 2022

You must first check the tenancy on the deed. If your brother and his friend owned the property as joint tenants with the common-law right of survivorship, it passed to his friend upon his death, and you have no rights to it. If they were tenants in common, you should record the will. You will... Read more »

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1 Answer | Asked in Divorce, Family Law and Child Support for Virginia on
Q: This past June my daughter turned 18 here in the state of Virginia. She graduated from High School in May.

This past June my daughter turned 18 here in the state of Virginia. She graduated from High School in May. She moves into her apartment next month (Sept). I am veteran and my daughter will be going to school on my GI Bill and Virginia disability Dependent College program. Her mother has... Read more »

James H. Wilson Jr.
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James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on Aug 15, 2022

Child support in Virginia can only be awarded retroactively to the date that the petition was filed in the case of an original determination, or when motion to modify was filed and served on the payer parent in the case of an attempt to change support. The fact that a parent earned more during a... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Contracts, Estate Planning, Family Law and Real Estate Law for Virginia on
Q: Is a verbal commitment legal in the courts.

My parents told me they wanted to leave me their house when they both past away. I sold my house and moved in with them. One year later my father pasted away and not even 2 months later my mom said that she wasn't going to leave me the house because she had 3 other kids to think about. Is this... Read more »

James H. Wilson Jr.
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James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on Aug 14, 2022

Almost all contracts are verbal, either oral (spoken) or written. A last will and testament requires certain formalities, as does a revocable or irrevocable trust. Both must be in writing and signed. In spite of the absence of a written will, trust, or contract, in some instances a court can... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Divorce, Family Law, Child Custody and Civil Rights for Virginia on
Q: Can my husband marry a second wife overseas? We are married in Islam as well which he’s allowed to marry 4 wives

But at the same time we are legally married in the us

James H. Wilson Jr.
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James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on Aug 11, 2022

The U.S. Constitution requires each of the 50 states to give full faith and credit to the valid acts of its sister states. There is no such requirement for the actions of other countries, in the absence of a treaty. Instead, the concept of comity controls. Comity allows a state to recognize the... Read more »

2 Answers | Asked in Divorce for Virginia on
Q: My home is owned by me and my parents. My wife left me and resides out of state. Is she entitled to part of my home?
James H. Wilson Jr.
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James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on Aug 4, 2022

If spouses are not able to reach an agreement on how to divide their property and debts, those matters can be submitted to a judge's decision through the process of equitable distribution incident to a divorce case.

Title is not determinative in equitable distribution in Virginia....
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1 Answer | Asked in Estate Planning and Probate for Virginia on
Q: When my Aunt dies, what will need to be done to give out monies/belonging left in her will?

I currently have guardianship and conservatorship over my Aunt. She is elderly and in a nursing home with hospice care. Hospice has asked me to start preparing for her funeral arrangements. She has a living will that will leave everything to myself and my brother. Is there a legal way I am supposed... Read more »

James H. Wilson Jr.
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James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on Aug 4, 2022

A living will is an advance medical directive. It contains instructions for medical care if the principal becomes incapacitated.

I will assume you mean a will and I will assume that your aunt resides in Virginia, although you appear to be posting from Maryland.

Once your aunt...
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1 Answer | Asked in Estate Planning and Probate for Virginia on
Q: Does funeral reimbursement from estate take precedence over other bills? Father's bank act is just enough to cover them

My father passed recently and we have the estate process going with my sister as executor. His bank account has enough to cover what we paid in funeral costs but there is 1 outstanding credit card debt so I was hoping funeral reimbursement superceded that.

James H. Wilson Jr.
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James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on Jul 30, 2022

Section 64.2-528 of the Code of Virginia sets out the order in which debts are to be paid when assets in the personal representative's possession are not sufficient to pay all debts and demands. This is known as an insolvent estate. Funeral expenses are third priority, after costs and... Read more »

2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Virginia on
Q: Account included in bankruptcy refuses to close the debt, what do I do?

Filed chapter 7 in November of 2021, received discharge in February of 2022. All accounts were included in my discharge but one specific account basically refuses to close my debt.

James H. Wilson Jr.
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James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on Jul 25, 2022

If the creditor attempts to collect on a discharged debt, the debtor reopen the case and can file a show cause proceeding against the creditor for violating the discharge injunction and may recover actual damages, attorney's fees and costs, and with willful and intentional violations causing... Read more »

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1 Answer | Asked in Probate for Virginia on
Q: Aunt's estate going through probate and has only two living sibling. no spouse and no children. Will before Nov 2020.

Estate includes condo that has sale pending. Executor wants to "gift" living siblings their portion before the sale is closed. My mother is one of the siblings. We have had not contact from executor or attorney before this. Not sure how far along in the probate process they are. Is this... Read more »

James H. Wilson Jr.
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James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on Jul 25, 2022

A probate estate is administered in the state where the decedent last resided prior to his or her death. In Virginia, this does not necessarily include a nursing home or hospital where the decedent last lived. Residence is more than a physical presence in a given locality; it is the place where a... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Divorce for Virginia on
Q: The clerk of circuit court in Virginia will not set a court date for my divorce case and it's been 2 years now. I have

Is this legal? Have reason to believe that this is being done as a favor to opposing attorney

James H. Wilson Jr.
PREMIUM
James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on Jul 25, 2022

Hearing dates in Virginia are arranged with the judge's secretary, not the clerk of the court. A party can request, or a file a motion for, a pretrial conference to bring a case in front of a judge in order to set a trial date. The actual hearing date for the pretrial conference would most... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Estate Planning and Probate for Virginia on
Q: What happens when a life insurance policy says to the estatee? Does it spilt between all children

My mother died and had three life insurance policy’s. I was the sole beneficiary for all but one. The last one states it goes to the estatee, nobody was named. Who will that policy go to? Will it split between all children or will we have to go to court for one person to get it?

James H. Wilson Jr.
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James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on Jun 3, 2022

A life insurance policy payable to the estate should be deposited in the estate account. The personal representative of the estate should have opened an estate bank account and obtained a taxpayer identification number for the estate. The personal representative must qualify through an... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Family Law for Virginia on
Q: Can I legally get power of attorney over my mother, even though she is still married?

My mother has dementia, and she just married the wrong person. This man has decided to give up, moved me in with them to take care of her, told me he's not spending any more money and that I need to get a power of attorney over her.

One would think that would be his responsibility. Am... Read more »

James H. Wilson Jr.
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James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on Jun 2, 2022

A principal must have the capacity to contract to give a power to an attorney-in-fact. That generally requires understand the nature and consequences of the legal act. If a principal lacks capacity or is incompetent, the proper arrangement is to have a guardian or conservator appointed for the... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Family Law for Virginia on
Q: Are children entitled to anything after a parent dies, but leaves a spouse?

My father died without a WILL and his wife asked me and 5 other siblings to just sign a document that would release any assets that he may have had. She indicated that the document didn't have anything to do with us. When we asked to see what items we were waiving, she said that it didn't... Read more »

James H. Wilson Jr.
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James H. Wilson Jr.
answered on May 20, 2022

Children of a decedent, who are not children of the surviving spouse, share 2/3rds of the intestate decedent's estate with the surviving spouse, who is entitled to 1/3 of the estate. There are also various statutory allowances and exemptions available to a surviving spouse and to any minor... Read more »

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