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Questions Answered by Cristina M. Lipan
3 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Pennsylvania on
Q: Hello I am currently on unemployment and I am failing to make ends meet at my debt is piling up, is chapter 7 an option?

My car payment is behind and they are talking about repossession i also have defaulted on my credit cards and other debt, I am seeking legal advice on what to do.

Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on Jan 9, 2023

It's important to note that legal advice cannot be provided on this forum. This is informational only.

The car loan is a secured debt (in the amount of the value of the car), and is not dischargeable in bankruptcy. Bankruptcy might help if you owe a lot more than the value of the car...
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3 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy and Estate Planning for California on
Q: Is there a trust that can protect my asset (house) from bankruptcy?

I have our house in a revocable trust and need to transfer (or amend) to protect the assets from litigation/bankruptcy.

Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on Jan 4, 2023

An irrevocable trust would better protect the asset (generally), but there are ways to still get to the asset if it's shown to be a fraudulent transfer. You can't just hide your assets from creditors, and transferring the asset to an irrevocable trust on the eve of bankruptcy (or pending... Read more »

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2 Answers | Asked in Foreclosure, Bankruptcy and Real Estate Law for Kentucky on
Q: Hypothetically Is there a way to take over someone’s home and loan, (including loan interest rate)

hypothetically a close relative needs to file bankruptcy but I assume she will loose the home in the process so I will take over home and loan then rent it to them theory. The home mortgage is currently and no payments missed

Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on Dec 22, 2022

She won't necessarily lose the home, but it depends. If she has equity, if she's been up to date on paying her mortgage etc. Your relative would need to speak to bankruptcy counsel re the specifics of her situation.

Re you taking over, that is something you would need to request...
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2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy and Construction Law for California on
Q: Can an insurance still be liable to pay for damages after their client has filed for bankruptcy & license revoked?

A licensed contractor was hired to paint my house. They demolished parts, caused many expensive damages, then abandoned job. State Licensing Board investigated, agreed of damage & license was revoked. Contractor hid to not pay. I filed a claim with their insurance with 3 estimates of each... Read more »

Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on Dec 20, 2022

Whether the insurer is obligated to pay out on your claims depends on the terms of the insurance policy, but the bankruptcy itself should not affect that.

You need to retain an attorney if you don't have one (an attorney to proceed against the insurer can probably also deal with the...
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3 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Michigan on
Q: Trustee objected to exemptions due to me exceeding limits. Should I amend my schedule C? It is for chapter 7

I have 44,000 in equity for my home, I am still paying mortgage, completed reaffirmation agreement that lender sent. The allowed exemption was 27,900. I have the same issue with my car, I do not own, however there is 7,000.00 in equity, the trustee states I only can exempt 1475.00. I am up to date... Read more »

Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on Nov 29, 2022

It doesn't mean anything if no one objected. Most creditors don't, but the Trustee may do so for the benefit of all creditors. If you have exceeded your exemptions, amending your schedules won't make any difference (it is a question of fact, not just about what you assert on your... Read more »

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2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy and Construction Law for California on
Q: If payment for a contractor entered into my chapter 7 bankruptcy, and approved. What of civil suit and mechanics lien?

They charged for work never done, and caused damage. Was preliminary notice needed? Can they force sell my home?

Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on Nov 17, 2022

The mechanic's lien is a secured claim, secured against the property on which work was done. That doesnt go away just by virtue of the bankruptcy filing. You can file an adversary in the bankruptcy case though to get rid of it, if you believe it is based on fraudulent charges. Also, you want... Read more »

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2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Texas on
Q: If you have a house that you need to sell however you are in the middle of a bankruptcy when can you sell the house?

My husband passed away recently from cancer. Because of the expenses, we are in dire straights financially and I will probably have to file for bankruptcy while I try to determine what to do. I need to keep my house long enough to be able to sell it and get the equity+ out of it. The house is... Read more »

Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on Nov 9, 2022

Any equity you have in that house (above your exemption) would belong to the bankruptcy estate if you file bankruptcy. Meaning, the Trustee might sell it to take that money to pay your creditors. You may have enough of an exemption to protect that equity, but what is available to you will depend.... Read more »

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3 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy and Consumer Law for Maryland on
Q: I have $45000 in debt, a "debt resolution" lawyer is telling me to enroll on their program. Their fee is $500 per month

I have $45000 in debt, a "debt resolution" lawyer is telling me to enroll on their program. Their fee is $500 per month for 36 months for a total of $18000. He said once the program is completed Ill be debt free. Im very skeptical of how would I be debt free if I am only paying their... Read more »

Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on Oct 20, 2022

Once you accumulate a certain amount of money, they will negotiate with your creditors to accept that amount in full resolution of the debt. However, in the meantime, you will be in arrears (not paying), which will affect your credit. Obviously, the debt resolution company keeps a portion of that... Read more »

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2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Michigan on
Q: What do I need to do if a company who installed our solar panels filed chapter 7?

We had them installed 3 (ish) years ago, we pay a finance company, not them. I do believe part of what we paid for is a support contact. Do I need to do anything.

Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on Oct 19, 2022

Chapter 7 bankruptcy means they are no longer operating, so they wouldn't continue providing any services. If there are any funds in the estate available for creditors, you'll want to file a claim for this loss - value of the service contract and perhaps a warranty. There may be no money... Read more »

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1 Answer | Asked in Bankruptcy for Tennessee on
Q: Need URGENT advice for a Bankruptcy 2004 Examination on 10/14 that the US Trustee refuses to reschedule

I am a 75 y/o senior who filed emergency Chapter 7 bankruptcy Pro Se on 8/10/22 in Williamson County, TN, to stop a foreclosure sale. I have not filed financial schedules but the Trustee closed my bank account containing only proceeds from my husband's life insurance and took every penny,... Read more »

Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on Oct 12, 2022

The purpose of the 2004 exam is to question you regarding potential assets of the bankruptcy estate. They will ask questions about financial accounts, the life insurance, and other assets. They will ask for copies of your records, and other information that you may know. It is a deposition, but the... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Bankruptcy for New York on
Q: I filed chapter 7bankruptcy in 2010 . I was involved in an injury lawsuit that was not resolved until 2017 which the

Court appointed trustee was awarded 350k for my injury. Another 100k of assets were taken from me to pay my creditors who all received 98.6% of what I owed them. One of the creditors was a parent loan I took out for my son’s college. They received 59k of the proceeds in 2017. Now they are... Read more »

Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on Oct 4, 2022

Bankruptcy Code section 523 lists debts that are not discharged in the bankruptcy - meaning you would still owe the debts. 523(8) speaks to educational loans. The student loan debt might not have been discharged. However, it would only be for the balance after accounting for the payment made in the... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Bankruptcy for California on
Q: I have a bankruptcy 410 chapter 11 what do I do with it?

There was a racket probe of 478 million dollars.

Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on Sep 27, 2022

I believe you're referring to a proof of claim form received with respect to a chapter 11 bankruptcy case. If you have a claim against the Debtor, then you may fill out the claim, and attach supporting documentation. You may be able to fill out the claim online (depending on the court and... Read more »

2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy, Real Estate Law, Arbitration / Mediation Law and Collections for Georgia on
Q: My condo association and I are at odds over assessments, fees, and interest. For water and association expenses,

I declared bankruptcy in 2016. I received a ledger from Lazega & Johanson, a collection law firm, very away after receiving my bankruptcy discharge. It stated that I owed them an absurd sum in association dues, which included fees and interest.

I discovered after looking at the charges... Read more »

Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on Sep 23, 2022

Per Bankruptcy Code 523(a)(16), these debts are probably not dischargeable in bankruptcy, so you would continue to owe them. Whether they represent an accurate balance of what you owe is a different issue.

I suggest clearly breaking down all charges and payments made (like a statement),...
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2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy and Consumer Law for Pennsylvania on
Q: I own an llc that is in terrible debt. Can I sign it over debt and all and walk away??

Just curious if I sign the LLC over will that transfer the debt to that person as well or will I still be responsible. The LLC is almost 3 years old and has not shown a profit. I want to claim bankruptcy but someone else wants to take on the ownership and debt but not pay me anything... I would... Read more »

Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on Sep 20, 2022

As a general rule, the debt belongs to the entity, not you, so you (personally) would not be liable for the debt. In this case, you could just walk away. HOWEVER, there may be other issues that might prevent you from doing this. If you signed a personal guarantee, then you would be still liable for... Read more »

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2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy, Estate Planning and Probate for North Carolina on
Q: Need to cash a check that has my deceased husband and me on it. Bank won’t accept because it is more then$10,000.

The settlement came in my name but went through bankruptcy court to pay both our debts. The rest comes to me. But has both our names on it. Husband had no assets of value. Never opened probate estate I just pay his bills as they came in. Now what do I do

Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on Sep 12, 2022

It sounds like the check came from the bankruptcy trustee. Contact the trustee and ask to re-issue the check in your name only. Be prepared to submit the certificate of death for the Trustee's due diligence.

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1 Answer | Asked in Bankruptcy for Pennsylvania on
Q: Pertaining to the crypto company celsius and their bankruptcy filing - Am I subject to claw back?

I withdrew funds that I deposited in the 90 day window prior to Celsius filing for chapter 11. Would I be subject to a claw back of my own funds that I deposited and withdrew according to their terms of service?

Edit: It was in their earn account that I earned interest on. Small amount... Read more »

Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on Aug 10, 2022

Preferences under Section 547 of the Bankruptcy Code only pertain to payments made on account of antecedent debt - this doesn't apply to your situation. However, there may be other theories available to seek return of those funds to the Celsius estate, for example, as a fraudulent conveyance... Read more »

2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Connecticut on
Q: A question about bankruptcy.

A friend filed for bankruptcy in 2015 because a debtor collector firm filed a lawsuit to foreclose on her home. In which her mortgage had been rescinded in 2005 by her attorney because she had incomplete contract with Ameriquest. So since 2005 by her attorney's advised she stopped making... Read more »

Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on May 12, 2022

Although the bankruptcy discharge extinguishes the personal liability of a debtor, it does not extinguish an action against the debtor in rem, i.e., the secured creditor’s right to enforce its mortgage lien. As long as the mortgage was valid, the secured claim the lender had against the property... Read more »

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2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Florida on
Q: I have Proof of Claim paperwork from a former job filing Chapter 11, but I don't know if I am a creditor.

I worked for the job 3/20 to 3/21. I have consulted other law services and been told that I should be a creditor if I have received such paperwork. They directed me to this site for more help. I've submitted a request for a list of creditors so that I can be sure I have a right to file a... Read more »

Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on Mar 14, 2022

Just because you received the proof of claim does not mean you are a creditor. The form is sent out to a lot of parties - anyone that might have a claim. As a former employee, you are a party that might have a claim. If you believe you are owed money then you would file a claim, but you will need... Read more »

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1 Answer | Asked in Bankruptcy and Consumer Law for Arkansas on
Q: How can I protect self from a store going bankrupt if they are storing an expensive item for me?

I am purchasing an expensive large item, but it will take 4-8 weeks for the specialized national movers to pick it up. They want full payment now, what can I do to protect myself now, if the dealer goes bankrupt before the movers come?

Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on Dec 6, 2021

You may consider paying with a credit card and dispute the charges in the event that happens. This may tie up your credit. You might also negotiate timing of the payment. Another option is to perhaps place the funds in escrow pending pick up. You have to discuss with the store to see what they will... Read more »

2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy, Foreclosure and Real Estate Law for Texas on
Q: My house was foreclosed upon while I was under bankruptcy protection in 2004, is it too late to sue Ameriquest Mortgage?
Cristina M. Lipan
Cristina M. Lipan
answered on Nov 3, 2021

The bank likely received an order from the court lifting the automatic stay to proceed with the foreclosure. This is not uncommon and they can do this for various reasons - no equity, no adequate assurance, you haven't been paying the mortgage post petition... etc. Take a look at your... Read more »

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