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Questions Answered by Peter H. Westby
1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: Should I have a real estate lawyer for every state i want to buy a property in?

I live out of state from the properties I want to buy.

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Dec 23, 2021

Yes, you should consult with a real estate attorney in each state that you plan to purchase property in. You need to be aware of state and local law and contract requirements unique to each state. I recommend having a local real estate attorney assist you with your purchases.

1 Answer | Asked in Landlord - Tenant and Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: Can property management company be responsible for evictions with my llc being out of state?

My property would be held in an llc in the state its in and that llc held by another one in Wyoming.

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Dec 23, 2021

In Arizona your property manager can handle evictions of Arizona tenants. It is not required that the property owner be an Arizona resident.

1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law and Landlord - Tenant for Arizona on
Q: How do I form a llc for out of state investing so I have inside and outside protection?

I live in Arizona and want to buy property in iowa. I need to know what type of llc's to set up in each state for asset protection.

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Dec 23, 2021

I recommend that you speak with a real estate attorney in each state in which you plan to invest.

1 Answer | Asked in Business Law, Contracts and Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: In Arizona can a leasing office give more than one renewal offer raising price each time. I did accept first offer.

The owner changed management companies if that matters.

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Dec 22, 2021

This can be done if handled properly by the landlord or his management company. Your documents should be reviewed by an attorney. They may consist of an offer that is binding upon your acceptance. Or they may contain language that provides the proposal is not binding upon the landlord until... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Probate for Arizona on
Q: A bond ordered, I am having problems getting it. Can I start process , pay debts, ext., before get bond? Not sure I can
Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Oct 16, 2021

I recommend that you consult with a probate attorney before taking any action. Since you have been ordered to post a bond, your appointment to serve as personal representative will not be made until the bond is posted. Any action attempted prior to your court appointment is unwise and will be... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: Can a married couple transfer a property to an LLC where only one spouse is a member of the business?

My wife and I want to convert a property to a rental. We intend for an LLC to own the property, and our son will manage it. My son and wife will be members of the LLC but I will not. Is it possible to transfer the title of the property to such an LLC, effectively relinquishing my ownership stake?

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Aug 26, 2021

It is possible but it may not be advisable. I strongly recommend that you have your proposed transfer reviewed by a real estate attorney and your CPA before you take action. Your attorney will be able to let you know if such a transfer might violate the due on sale clause in your financing... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law, Domestic Violence and Landlord - Tenant for Arizona on
Q: My nephew and girlfriend asked his dad died to stay for 2 days. They have taken over, & filed Restating Order! Can dad E

They asked to stay for a couple of days, they kicked dad out. Filed a Restraining order.

Can dad evict in Az?

He owns the trailer, rents the lot.

They are unwelcome guests

Using illegal substances

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Aug 25, 2021

Dad has two options. He can call the police and see if the police will remove them as trespassers. Or he can evict per the Arizona Residential Landlord and Tenant Act. If he must evict, I recommend that he consult with an attorney familiar with residential evictions.

1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: If two people own a home and one wants to sell and the other one doesn’t, what is the law?
Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Jul 23, 2021

In Arizona the owner who wants to sell can force a sale by filing a Partition Action against the other owner. In a Partition Action the court will appoint a special commissioner to sell the home. The court will also decide how the net sales proceeds are to be divided if this becomes an issue.

1 Answer | Asked in Arbitration / Mediation Law and Civil Litigation for Arizona on
Q: I'm the defendant in a civil suit filed by a former auto finance company. If they prevail, could my wages be garnished?

Loan was in default December 2018. Car was totaled in a very bad accident, and had no insurance coverage at the time. Lender charged off debt as "due to natural disaster" according to my credit report. They didn't file until December 21, 2020. We weren't served until June 18, 2021.

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Jul 12, 2021

Yes, if the plaintiff prevails and a judgement is entered against you it is possible that your wages will be garnished. I recommend that you consult with an attorney immediately to review this matter and get assistance to defend or settle this claim.

2 Answers | Asked in Divorce and Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: Can a mortgage be refinanced against divorce decree agreement with both parties in agreement to do so?

Decree says I get the house once I'm financially able to refinance. Ex decided he wanted the house and I agreed he can have it. He tried refinancing but was having issues because of the decree. Is there a way to change the decree?

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on May 29, 2021

Your Decree can be modified by stipulation provided both former spouses agree. I recommend that one of you hire a family law lawyer to assist with this modification.

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1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law and Civil Litigation for Arizona on
Q: I am looking to file a partition motion. Can a partition motion be contested or delayed?

No contract between parties. We are siblings. 20,000 mtg bal. My sister vowing to fight it and hold it up for years until the value is ate up with legal and court costs. She does not pay anything towards mtg or property upkeep or repairs or taxes or insurance. For 9 years. I am almost 60 and want... Read more »

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on May 12, 2021

A partition action is a lawsuit and is commenced by filing a complaint, not a motion. A lawsuit can be contested and can be delayed. Reaching a negotiated settlement that is fair is a better option. I understand that you have tried this but, once a lawsuit is filed, you will have additional... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Litigation for Arizona on
Q: Is Rule 60(b) of the Arizona Rules of Civil Procedure applicable to proceedings in the Arizona Court of Appeals?
Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on May 3, 2021

No. The Rules of Civil Appellate Procedure govern proceedings in the Court of Appeals.

1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law and Landlord - Tenant for Arizona on
Q: I'm owner financing a home that i own outright in my trust. Can I request a balloon payment after 10 of the 30 year term

Arizona

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Mar 9, 2021

Yes, it is not uncommon to amortize a loan over 20 or 30 years but provide for a balloon payment after 3-10 years. This allows a buyer to purchase and, if needed, provides time to build equity and improve his or her credit so it may be possible to refinance conventionally when the balloon payment... Read more »

2 Answers | Asked in Probate for Arizona on
Q: Can I be evicted from a family home by sibling exsecuter after 11 years of long term care of parents

House is payed for

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Feb 7, 2021

Yes, this is possible. The home might need to be sold in order to administer the estate. I strongly recommend that you consult with a probate attorney to learn your legal rights and best options.

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1 Answer | Asked in Civil Litigation for Arizona on
Q: I was served a summons for small claims as contracted sale dated January 29th 2015. Doesn't this fall under time barred
Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Jan 24, 2021

Plaintiff's claim might be time barred depending upon many factors including your contract. If dealing with an oral contract or open account the statute of limitations, ARS 12-543, is three years from the time the cause of action accrues. If you are working with a contract in writing, the... Read more »

4 Answers | Asked in Estate Planning and Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: My mom died and her husband died 10 months later. The home they had was in both names.

I found out that the husbands son has been paying the mortgage and taxes on the property. Am I entitled to anything?

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Dec 16, 2020

Maybe. It depends upon how your mom and her husband held title to their home and what estate planning was done by them. Did they have Wills? A Trust? Was the home titled in their trust? Or in their personal names? If so, did they take title as tenants in common? Or as Joint Tenants with... Read more »

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1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: Can a co-owner of a house in Arizona make the other co-owner sell the house?
Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Dec 15, 2020

Yes, a co-owner can force a sale in Arizona by filing a partition action. The court will order that the property be sold and can decide how the net sales proceeds will be divided between the co-owners if needed.

1 Answer | Asked in Contracts and Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: Is it legal to create a retroactive contract for a rent-to-purchase agreement in Arizona?

I have had great tenants for 3 years renting my home. I am selling my house, and I would be interested in offering it to them (they have expressed interest previously). As agent fees usually run about 6%, I was wondering if I could write a retroactive contract wherein a portion (equal to that 6%)... Read more »

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Oct 8, 2020

I do not recommend using any kind of retroactive contract. A normal residential real estate purchase contract should be used to document this transaction. But your intention is fine. There is no problem in reducing the purchase price of the home in any amount that you and your tenants agree... Read more »

2 Answers | Asked in Divorce and Family Law for Arizona on
Q: Am I entitled any part of the family owned business.

I was the bosses daughters boss at another job. We ended up getting married but before we got married, the dad asked me to come work for him. I worked there for 16 yrs and ran the place for 10-12 yrs. Parents of wife said that I would always have job if we ever got divorced. Part of the business... Read more »

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Sep 19, 2020

You may be entitled to a portion of any community interest in this business. But from the information you provided, it is not possible to tell. I strongly recommend that you discuss this with your divorce lawyer. Once your lawyer knows the facts, he or she will be able to let you know your legal... Read more »

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1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: I have been letting my wifes nephew live in my Mobile home rent free. I want to start charging rent. Can I?
Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Sep 14, 2020

Yes, you can start charging rent. But you will first need to terminate the current tenancy according to the terms of the Arizona Residential Landlord Tenant Code and any rental agreement or lease that may exist. Once the existing tenancy is terminated, you will be free to negotiate a new tenancy... Read more »

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