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New York Civil Litigation Questions & Answers
1 Answer | Asked in Civil Litigation, Bankruptcy and Contracts for New York on
Q: I didn't owe that person money, but I wrote a contract that I would repay him. if I break the contract, will I be sued?

A friend asks me to use his account to invest in the stock market. as a result, there is some loss in the investment account. my friend asked me to write a contract to repay him. What if i break that contract, will I be sued?

Denis Kitchen
Denis Kitchen
answered on Sep 22, 2022

This strange set of circumstances raises more questions, but putting those aside, if you made a contract with someone to pay them a sum of money, your breach of that contract could induce him to sue you. You may have a defense, again depending on the circumstance. But WILL he sue you? No... Read more »

Q: I live across the street from a developer who used to play nice. You knew what was going to be built 6 months in

advance, I checked the plans that often. Then BOOM, they are bulldozing across the street and I get told one day “that is not an office building across the street they are building—it’s gonna be a hotel!”

WAS ALL OF THAT LEGAL?????

It’s been a few years.

Do Towns... Read more »

Elaine Shay
PREMIUM
Elaine Shay
answered on Sep 22, 2022

Your concern about neighboring development is understandable. However, there is no way to provide a meaningful response to your inquiry based upon the information you have provided.

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Litigation for New York on
Q: If i take a personal loan out for a friend who promises to pay me back. If this person doesn’t pay me back am I screwed?

Just text messages? Emails I gave it to them in cash the money was deposited into my account I withdrew cash and gave it to them

Michael David Siegel
Michael David Siegel
answered on Aug 24, 2022

Sure. But what proof do you have that you loaned the money you borrowed to them?

1 Answer | Asked in Bankruptcy, Business Law and Civil Litigation for New York on
Q: Could cryptocurrency sent to an insolvent company be recoverable under 546(c) of the bankruptcy code?

I sent cryptocurrency to Celsius within the prior 45 days before they filed bankruptcy. Could I possibly have reclamation rights under 546(c) of the bankruptcy code?

Uncertainties: is the cryptocurrency considered a good covered by this? Cryptocurrency sent to Celsius is essentially lent to... Read more »

Leonard R. Boyer
Leonard R. Boyer
answered on Jul 27, 2022

This would be a low priority claim and without significantly more information, there is no way to know. You need to retain an experienced bankruptcy attorney and provide a great deal of information. Good luck.

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Litigation for New York on
Q: Can a second new york note of issue be filed after a case is orally dismissed at an inquest on damages - but the case is

still pending because no judgment was entered?

Michael David Siegel
Michael David Siegel
answered on Jul 7, 2022

No. There is no oral dismissal. The judge has to enter something on the record. Order the record from the proceeding and ask the judge to "so order" his transcript. Or, call the judge's clerk and ask them to enter a dismissal.

1 Answer | Asked in Consumer Law, Foreclosure, Civil Litigation and Collections for New York on
Q: Can a default judgment be enforced, if the defendant was never served, the complaint was filed in another county?

The counsel who filed the complaint, is different from the counsel seeking to enforce the judgment. The plaintiff has been out of business for years, and the counsel has many complaints by defendants, for fraudulently claiming proper service to said defendants. I am unsure what recourse I have... Read more »

Michael David Siegel
Michael David Siegel
answered on Jun 24, 2022

1. Different counsel? Not relevant. Happens all the time.

2. Plaintiff out of business? Irrelevant, if lawyer represents Plaintiff. Winding up corporation is collecting debts.

3. Recourse? Make motion in court that entered judgment to vacate on improper service.

4....
Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Contracts, Employment Law, Civil Litigation and Collections for New York on
Q: I got a demand letter for the a sign on bonus. I left my job and the letter had no clawback. They want repayment.

I received a demand letter, I left the job due to hostile environment. I had to contact the labor department to collect my last wages. Now the demand letter wants repayment for half of the bonus’s I was paid. The offer letter has no clawback or mention of any repayment. I don’t mind paying if... Read more »

Michael David Siegel
Michael David Siegel
answered on Jun 21, 2022

Obviously, the matter is governed by the agreement. Have a lawyer look at it for a few bucks. If you have to pay it back, do so only with a release agreement, etc.

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Litigation, Criminal Law and Family Law for New York on
Q: Is it illegal for someone to use their job to find out your personal and sensitive information about an individual ?

This person works for social services and printed out my application for assistance (with all personal info on it including ss#) and gave it to her sister to use in court ordered mediation for divorce. The employees name (the suspect) was on the top of the page as logged in user at the agency. And... Read more »

Racquel A. Cousins
PREMIUM
Racquel A. Cousins
answered on May 19, 2022

Yes, you should definitely speak with an attorney. Your situation sounds complicated and you would need to give all the facts to an attorney, who can represent you. It sounds like there is way more going on here than you can type in the "Ask a Lawyer" section. However, to answer your... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Litigation and Consumer Law for New York on
Q: Was sold counter. goods through google pay, disputed it, and was told no case or invest. would be opened. no help given

I was sold counterfeit goods through Google Pay LLC. Do i have the legal right to a refund if I've bought something that's fake or counterfeit? Should I also report this to Trading Standards and the Pokémon Company International, Inc. for fraud. I was sold fake Pokemon Cards through... Read more »

Michael David Siegel
Michael David Siegel
answered on May 19, 2022

File a criminal complaint, but do not count on anything. You are not likely to find the fraudsters, who are long gone with your money. Google Pay is not liable. It just processes payments. It does not vouch for the users.

1 Answer | Asked in Contracts, Civil Litigation and Collections for New York on
Q: Can I used UCC guidelines or the NYS one as a way to dismiss the case?

I was manipulated into auto loan in 2016. I feel into hard time and a divorce and ended up living in my car in 2016. I started to become late but always found a way to catch up. I got back on my feet slightly in 2018 and ended up pregnant. I couldn't afford the car payments and they kept using... Read more »

Michael David Siegel
Michael David Siegel
answered on May 18, 2022

The statute of limitations does not apply to an existing case. The SOL is the date to bring a case. You did the right thing so far. Your issue is lack of service. You are going to have to prove you did not live with your brother when he was served as your household.

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Litigation for New York on
Q: We are owed $7500 on a $10,000 deposit given to a business in Friendship, NY, in March 2021. Need a litigator.

An attorney in Elmira, NY, was able to obtain only $2500 and has advised us to retain a litigator in the county of the business owner.

Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar
answered on May 17, 2022

If you need a litigator, there are a number of options that could supplement your own online searches. Although this site does not function as an attorney referral service, it has the feature above, "Find-a-Lawyer." Additionally, the NYS Bar Association has a lawyer referral service. Good luck

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Litigation and Criminal Law for New York on
Q: I’m doing a mock trial in my class and i’m going to be the judge and i’m confused what the basic questions should be 1/2

asked for the preliminary questions

Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar
answered on May 12, 2022

Try to learn what the protocols and procedures for your trial will be. Familiarize yourself with the case material and the rules. Mock trials can differ in depth according to the academic level. Based on the level of your mock trial, you may need to make rulings on certain things. Is evidence... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Child Custody, Civil Litigation and Civil Rights for New York on
Q: How do I proved that the party is represented by the attorney from the last case in this case for Declaratory judgment

If only the attorney was served with the summons with notice

Michael David Siegel
Michael David Siegel
answered on May 9, 2022

You cannot serve a summons on an attorney for a new case unless service is accepted in a document filed with the court.

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Litigation for New York on
Q: I may need an attorney for a civil law suit concerning online sales business. I live in NY state and need to sue someone

the person i have to sue lives in valparaiso and i need help. it may be under the 10K small claims limit or more. Thank you

Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar
answered on May 3, 2022

You could search for attorneys independently on your own, you could use the Find-a-Lawyer feature (the tab above to the left), and you could also check with the New York State Bar Association, among other resources out there. See the section on their website called "For the Public." Good luck

1 Answer | Asked in Animal / Dog Law and Civil Litigation for New York on
Q: i signed a contract for purchase of a dog but the vaccines included in the contract the dog never received nor paperwork

So now i must pay as well as find paperwork for the dog and his vaccines that were never given but stated in the contact what should i do

Michael David Siegel
Michael David Siegel
answered on Apr 29, 2022

You can bring a small claims suit for your costs.

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Rights, Consumer Law, Personal Injury and Civil Litigation for New York on
Q: What is the legal process for pre action discovery via order to show cause?

I want to identify a defendant via order to show cause with an affidavit of support. Do I need a petition? If so, do I need to buy an index number? Can use the same index number in a lawsuit after the order to show in the same matter? Or do I have to buy a new index number?

Jonathan R. Ratchik
Jonathan R. Ratchik
answered on Apr 28, 2022

Yes, you will need to file a petition (for which you will need to purchase an index number) and move by Order to Show Cause for pre-action discovery (which can only be used to identify a defendant - not to find out if you actually have a viable case). You CANNOT use the same index number in the... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Child Custody, Civil Litigation, Criminal Law and Family Law for New York on
Q: Can anyone be held civilly or criminally liable if false allegations are made and relied on for decision during custody?

My ex used pending charges against my current spouse, that have since been resolved to try and claim he was violent and my kids in danger. My spouse was not convicted of any of these charges, only misdemeanor traffic charge. Because these claims (along with other false claims) tainted the courts... Read more »

Peter Christopher Lomtevas
Peter Christopher Lomtevas
answered on Mar 31, 2022

No. The asker must realize that in a post-Clinton nation, no proof is needed for up-front orders, a court investigates after those orders, and then a hearing takes place to confirm or refute the allegations in a petition. The law used to be proof by a preponderance of the evidence; it is now... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Litigation, Small Claims, Personal Injury and Health Care Law for New York on
Q: What NY State laws govern an involuntary psychiatric hold (in ER) and the administration of medication without consent?

My 23 year old daughter sought care in ER for asthma attack. After flippantly saying she would "rather kill herself than be admitted overnight", she was immediately put on an involuntary hold without consideration of context and relevant mental health history. Within minutes she was... Read more »

Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar
answered on Mar 28, 2022

I'm sorry for your daughter's and your family's ordeal here. There is New York State Mental Health Hygiene Law section 9.27(a), which involves involuntary admission on medical certification. These are generally fact-intensive settings that require detailed investigation. You could... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Animal / Dog Law and Civil Litigation for New York on
Q: We have a neighbor who is constantly sending us letters complaining about our barking dogs.

We have proof of her standing in front of our house deliberately taunting our dogs. Along with every letter she sent threatening us with the police and animal control. Do we have a harassment claim against her?

Benjamin Z. Katz
PREMIUM
Benjamin Z. Katz
answered on Feb 28, 2022

Whether this rises to the level of harassment will be a judgment call by the police or a local prosecutor. However, it may be a good idea to get her actions on record as a preemptive measure before she makes a complaint to the police. If your dogs are barking a lot and disturbing the... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Litigation for New York on
Q: In litigation. Asked to sign a durable power of attorney form which allows laeyer to sign medical rel for me. Is it ok?

I dont feel comfortable. I was given option of signing hipaa forms but firm says they prefer I sign power of attorney. Please someone help me understand if this is ok.

Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar
answered on Feb 25, 2022

HIPAA forms used for requesting medical records have a section where an attorney can sign on behalf of the patient/client if they have authority to do so. It can be a convenience for the client. It's the client's choice. As a case progresses, the list of medical providers can grow. If the... Read more »

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