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Questions Answered by V. Jonas Urba
1 Answer | Asked in Civil Rights, Constitutional Law, Employment Discrimination and Employment Law for New York on
Q: How to look up Equitable Estoppel Employment Cases that was successful in relation to plaintiff mental illness

Statue of limitations ran out but knew evidence has surface and plaintiffs want to file action against former employer, to reopen retirement pension fund

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Oct 17, 2021

A retirement pension fund issue appears to fall under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, also known as "ERISA". Some of us have successfully fought on behalf of employees facing reduced severance pay. Employers sometimes allege breaks in continuous services by employees.... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Employment Discrimination and Employment Law for New York on
Q: Can a school district put you on unpaid leave without it being in contract for refusing Covid-19 weekly testing

We were given a letter this week to submit for weekly Covid-19 testing starting next week in we are unvaccinated. A few of us bus drivers are refusing for various reasons and concerns. We were told they would put us on unpaid leave for refusing. I read that they cannot do this if it's not in... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Oct 15, 2021

It's a public safety issue like wearing seat belts although you can't see the potentially deadly nature of the virus.

If you have a strongly held religious belief from a recognized religious group or organization speak with those authorities about an exemption. If your physician...
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1 Answer | Asked in Health Care Law for New York on
Q: In NY if 3 children are named as agents on a Health care Proxy do all 3 have to agree on decisions or can 2 overrule?

none

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Oct 11, 2021

The plain meaning of the language of any legal document applies. Was the document drafted clearly and unambiguously? Carefully examine the four corners of the document, meaning what language is used throughout the document. Hopefully yes and that answers your question.

If not, how will any...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: fmla expired I am still disabled and cannot return to work & my co. Is not giving me accurate info on next steps for ext

ASKED FOR EXT LEAVE OF ABSENCE AND THEY TOLD ME TO SPEAK TO MY DOCTOR & REQUEST ADA IS THIS ACCURATE

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Oct 8, 2021

You must be able to perform your job duties with or without a reasonable accommodation.

Extending your FMLA leave might be a reasonable accommodation depending on the circumstances. Have you kept your employer informed of a date certain for when you will return? An open-ended date rarely...
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2 Answers | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: I work in HR, and I have an employee who is on intermittent FMLA. They mentioned quitting, what else should we do?

The EE received their rights and responsibilities under FMLA. However, this EE likes to "play chess" in a sense that they may potentially come after us even though they voluntarily resigned and we have followed the law and rules to a T. We informed them of what their leave is allowed... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Sep 27, 2021

Have you requested the employee to sign a general release and waiver of their right to sue you? Of course you would offer them some adequate consideration in return, which may be almost anything of value. And remember, every employee now has at least 21 days by law to sleep on, consider your offer.... Read more »

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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: If the company you work for is bought out by a different company is the old company required to transfer PTO

They said Governor Cuomo made a law that applies to NYC residents and not the rest of NY that is why we did not get paid out our safe and sick time

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Sep 9, 2021

Governor Cuomo had the authority to sign laws which the state legislature made for the entire State of New York, including New York City. But he had no authority to give favorable treatment to employees who work in NYC and not give the same benefits to the rest of the state unless it was some... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: I am moving from NY to SC. I will be unemployed. Will I be eligible to apply for unemployment benefits.
V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Sep 9, 2021

Maybe. It depends on the circumstances related to the loss of your last job. If you quit the job that will likely present a formidable challenge unless you were constructively discharged. Essentially forced to quit, no other choice, and not your fault. You will want to check with lawyers who handle... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: If you're scheduled for work and find the store closed to you get paid

Store was closed for co leak and I wasn't notified

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Sep 2, 2021

New York City's Code may be helpful. Here is a link:

https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/dca/downloads/pdf/about/FairWorkweek-LawRules.pdf

You may want to review your employee handbook, which every employer should have, although not mandated to have, which might address closures....
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Discrimination for New York on
Q: Looking for some clarification regarding to this document. It’s seems to be an adjustment request to a existing law?

Face Coverings for COVID-19 Prevention Effective date: 8/27/21

Pursuant to the authority vested in the Public Health and Health Planning Council and the Commissioner of Health by Sections 201, 206, and 225 of the Public Health Law, Title 10 (Health) of the Official Compilation of Codes,... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Sep 1, 2021

Not sure what your question is. The regulation/law seems clear, plain, unambiguous. It seems to speak for itself:

2.60. Face Coverings for COVID-19 Prevention

(a) As determined by the Commissioner based on COVID-19 incidence and prevalence, as well

as any other public health...
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1 Answer | Asked in Contracts for New York on
Q: If I am to become a power of attorney for my ex husband and I am on ny state gov.benefits can they recoup or take away

Benefits issued to me he also receives compensation payments

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Sep 1, 2021

An attorney in fact, appointed by the principal or the maker of the document, steps into the shoes of the maker or principal of the document.

The attorney in fact must act in the best interests of the principal or maker of the document. That is called being a fiduciary for the principal or...
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1 Answer | Asked in Contracts and Sexual Harassment for New York on
Q: My boss of 5 years is now insisting I sign a form agreeing he can go through my phone when he wants .

I took a picture of my foot in a company car and for the first time in years it for some reason was an issue to him. Literally my own foot . Could not identify anything else, riding a half hour to a location for work. He also regularly harasses me and makes inappropriate comments making me fear... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Aug 31, 2021

Are you working off the clock? Unpaid overtime for answering calls, texts, emails? He might owe you for up to 6 years of unpaid wages. You could insist on being paid for all that time and firing you for that would be retaliation.

Have you considered telling him that you find his behavior...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: I signed a contract stating id pay back a sign-on bonus if I leave before 6months. Can she withhold my last paycheck?

I live in New York State. The sign on bonus was $250, and the contract states I need to stay with her until December 4th. My workplace is hostile and I need to leave. Can she legally withhold my last paycheck to “repay” my sign on bonus?

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Aug 24, 2021

Is yours a "similar payment for the benefit of the employee?" And have you signed an agreement which expressly authorizes the deduction? Take a look at Section 193.1 here:

https://www.nysenate.gov/legislation/laws/LAB/193

Not legal advice. No lawyer client relationship. Good luck.

1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law and Workers' Compensation for New York on
Q: I got covid in January at work a coworker was sick and told management but they didn’t inform us I’m still sick.Help

Management didn’t inform the workers and I got sick . I’m still suffering from fatigue, headaches , hair thinning, teeth cracking and joint weakness I haven’t been able to get back to work fully I work once every two weeks because I get exhausted in the stores and can’t keep up. If I... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Aug 6, 2021

Consult with a workers compensation lawyer immediately. Although it may be difficult to pinpoint where you contracted COVID, a skilled workers compensation lawyer might be able to tie it to your workplace. Good luck. Alternatively, if you have disabling conditions, ask your doctor about... Read more »

2 Answers | Asked in Immigration Law, Employment Law, Civil Rights and Employment Discrimination for New York on
Q: My job asked me to share my college transcripts & diplomas to submit to U.S. immigration to help a new hire get a visa.

I work in NYC, at will, salaried. My employer requested that I share my diploma and transcripts so that they can share them with immigration officials to help a new hire get a work visa. My employer did not indicate that the request was optional. Can they legally request that? Can they share my... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Jul 26, 2021

That looks like a very strange request.

I do not practice immigration law. Call some immigration lawyers.

Did you attend the same school the work visa applicant attends? Maybe they need to authenticate educational documentation? But there are better ways to do that.

Call...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: Minor working grill position at chipotle?

im a minor in New York State. I currently work at chipotle Mexican grill. My general manager wants to put me as grill and cook permission, I need to use a knife and operate the grill. Both my parents and I have given them permission to let me. Is it legal if I do grill position

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Jul 13, 2021

Please see a link for New York's Department of Labor handbook on the employment of minors in New York State. You'll see a distinction for minors under the age of 16 and then continuing restrictions for those between 16 and 18. Check out pages 10 to 12 I believe.... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Employment Discrimination and Employment Law for New York on
Q: If a person applies for a job and they are called for an phone interview for that company and Human Resources advises

that they interested in you and you follow all protocol by staying in touch etc. Then they decide to tell you the position has been filled and then you find out they reposted the job. Is there any bias here because they show interest in you and they tell you they filled the position and now it is... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Jun 22, 2021

Why not apply for the reposted position?

Many say that it is a very tight job market. An employee's choice. The candidate they selected may have accepted a better offer or failed to show for their first day of work. Human Resources thought the position was filled and here they are. Or...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: I am an exempt salaried employee in NY and have a question about timecards and hours

My company handbook states only non exempt employees have to fill out a time card. The company has now been making exempt employees do so as well, though no revisions have been made to the handbook. They expect us to punch in, lunches, and out for the day. They have also introduced an "early... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on May 31, 2021

Company handbooks are almost never contracts. I don't recall one which was enforced as a contract. They usually state so in the printed document itself. Handbooks are usually subject to change with or without notice as long as the employer applies the changes to everyone.

More...
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2 Answers | Asked in Contracts, Business Law, Constitutional Law and Government Contracts for New York on
Q: DOES AN APPLICATION HAVE LEGAL STANDING IF THERE ARE HIDDEN OR NO TERMS AND AGREEMENTS?

IF AN APPLICATION ON ITS FACE DOES NOT PROVIDE TERMS AND AGREEMENTS FOR THE APPLICANT, CAN THE ISSUER OF THE APPLICATION IMPOSE ANY LEGAL SUITS REGARDING THE APPLICATION?

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Apr 27, 2021

Employment applications are invitations to be considered for employment. They are not contracts nor do they guarantee that someone will be considered for a job. Many require certifications that accurate, complete, and truthful information is being provided under penalties of perjury.

Job...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: Please see "more information" for full question regarding State vs. Federal Labor Law, and which is binding.

I work for a Fortune 125 Corporation in Upstate New York and they've always done random, suspicionless drug testing. They fire folks based on a positive test for THC. It's a supplemental insurance company, and I just work in policy service.

I noticed lately that NY labor law... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Apr 27, 2021

Have you considered "Harmless Error Doctrine"? You could win the battle but lose the war.

Let me explain. You challenge your termination because marijuana use is legal, they tested you with a positive result, and you were fired in my hypothetical scenario. Technically, you might...
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2 Answers | Asked in Contracts, Employment Law and Health Care Law for New York on
Q: NYC Labor Law Question for Medical Practice

NYC Labor Law Question for Medical Practice: (1) If we find proof that a doctor employed by our practice is also working for another practice during their employment contract with us, and during our practice office hours, thus violating the non-compete agreement, are we entitled to collect any... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Apr 21, 2021

A lawyer should review the contract or restrictive covenants which have allegedly been broken. Deducting pay or benefits without following notice provisions in the contract should not occur. Serving notice is usually the first step in the process. Liquidated damages may be permissible while... Read more »

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