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Questions Answered by V. Jonas Urba
2 Answers | Asked in Immigration Law, Employment Law, Civil Rights and Employment Discrimination for New York on
Q: My job asked me to share my college transcripts & diplomas to submit to U.S. immigration to help a new hire get a visa.

I work in NYC, at will, salaried. My employer requested that I share my diploma and transcripts so that they can share them with immigration officials to help a new hire get a work visa. My employer did not indicate that the request was optional. Can they legally request that? Can they share my... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Jul 26, 2021

That looks like a very strange request.

I do not practice immigration law. Call some immigration lawyers.

Did you attend the same school the work visa applicant attends? Maybe they need to authenticate educational documentation? But there are better ways to do that.

Call...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: Minor working grill position at chipotle?

im a minor in New York State. I currently work at chipotle Mexican grill. My general manager wants to put me as grill and cook permission, I need to use a knife and operate the grill. Both my parents and I have given them permission to let me. Is it legal if I do grill position

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Jul 13, 2021

Please see a link for New York's Department of Labor handbook on the employment of minors in New York State. You'll see a distinction for minors under the age of 16 and then continuing restrictions for those between 16 and 18. Check out pages 10 to 12 I believe.... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Employment Discrimination and Employment Law for New York on
Q: If a person applies for a job and they are called for an phone interview for that company and Human Resources advises

that they interested in you and you follow all protocol by staying in touch etc. Then they decide to tell you the position has been filled and then you find out they reposted the job. Is there any bias here because they show interest in you and they tell you they filled the position and now it is... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Jun 22, 2021

Why not apply for the reposted position?

Many say that it is a very tight job market. An employee's choice. The candidate they selected may have accepted a better offer or failed to show for their first day of work. Human Resources thought the position was filled and here they are. Or...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: I am an exempt salaried employee in NY and have a question about timecards and hours

My company handbook states only non exempt employees have to fill out a time card. The company has now been making exempt employees do so as well, though no revisions have been made to the handbook. They expect us to punch in, lunches, and out for the day. They have also introduced an "early... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on May 31, 2021

Company handbooks are almost never contracts. I don't recall one which was enforced as a contract. They usually state so in the printed document itself. Handbooks are usually subject to change with or without notice as long as the employer applies the changes to everyone.

More...
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2 Answers | Asked in Contracts, Business Law, Constitutional Law and Government Contracts for New York on
Q: DOES AN APPLICATION HAVE LEGAL STANDING IF THERE ARE HIDDEN OR NO TERMS AND AGREEMENTS?

IF AN APPLICATION ON ITS FACE DOES NOT PROVIDE TERMS AND AGREEMENTS FOR THE APPLICANT, CAN THE ISSUER OF THE APPLICATION IMPOSE ANY LEGAL SUITS REGARDING THE APPLICATION?

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Apr 27, 2021

Employment applications are invitations to be considered for employment. They are not contracts nor do they guarantee that someone will be considered for a job. Many require certifications that accurate, complete, and truthful information is being provided under penalties of perjury.

Job...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: Please see "more information" for full question regarding State vs. Federal Labor Law, and which is binding.

I work for a Fortune 125 Corporation in Upstate New York and they've always done random, suspicionless drug testing. They fire folks based on a positive test for THC. It's a supplemental insurance company, and I just work in policy service.

I noticed lately that NY labor law... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Apr 27, 2021

Have you considered "Harmless Error Doctrine"? You could win the battle but lose the war.

Let me explain. You challenge your termination because marijuana use is legal, they tested you with a positive result, and you were fired in my hypothetical scenario. Technically, you might...
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2 Answers | Asked in Contracts, Employment Law and Health Care Law for New York on
Q: NYC Labor Law Question for Medical Practice

NYC Labor Law Question for Medical Practice: (1) If we find proof that a doctor employed by our practice is also working for another practice during their employment contract with us, and during our practice office hours, thus violating the non-compete agreement, are we entitled to collect any... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Apr 21, 2021

A lawyer should review the contract or restrictive covenants which have allegedly been broken. Deducting pay or benefits without following notice provisions in the contract should not occur. Serving notice is usually the first step in the process. Liquidated damages may be permissible while... Read more »

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2 Answers | Asked in Contracts for New York on
Q: I have contracts with (amateur) actors for several video shoots. All are scanned in PDF files.

In the PDF you see the signed contract and a copy of the passport of each actor. The originals are non-existing (paperless office). Would my PDF document/scan suffice in the court of law in the US should that be necessary one day?

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Apr 7, 2021

Mr. Akpinar is correct. Each court is different.

1) You say that originals are non-existent but in today's digital world even if an original passport is destroyed, there will be a higher likelihood that individuals, governments or some entity of the hospitality industry may have stored...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: Took a paid leave for an orthopedic procedure, can I quite while on said leave without consequence?

Underwent knee surgery and have been off from work on a paid short-term disability. I received a job offer while on this leave, do I face any repercussions for giving my two weeks after not having worked in several months?

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Apr 7, 2021

Are you "at will" which means that an employer may ask you to leave with or without any reason and you may choose to do so at your will?

By repercussions you are not referring to things like not telling your employer or its insurer all of the facts surrounding your need to be gone...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: IF 50% of my compensation is from salary as an outside sales rep employee do i qualify for overtime ?

Hello , i work for a company for 8 months , they pay a base salary of 400$ a week plus commission, i started working on july 2020 , i made less that 2000$ in commission for the whole year of 2020 , i worked 100 hours a week on regular basis , am i entitled to minimum wage and over time , i logged... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Mar 15, 2021

The following link is thanks to New York State's Department of Labor:

https://www.labor.ny.gov/legal/counsel/pdf/payment-of-commissions-frequently-asked-questions.pdf

2 Answers | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: Looking for help in differentiating between independent contractors and employees.

Hello -- I am a startup founder in NYC looking for an employment lawyer who can answer a few clarification questions about our hiring. We are an app-based cleaning company hiring independent contractors as cleaners that will be matched to customers on our platform. The contractors choose their own... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Feb 24, 2021

This link may answer most of your questions:

https://www.labor.ny.gov/ui/dande/ic.shtm

I recall litigating this issue years ago on appeal. My client, who was paid 4 figures a day, had a written contract establishing them as an independent contractor. Both the employer and employee...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law, Tax Law and Business Law for New York on
Q: Im 17, not old enough to start my online buisness. So im starting it in my girlfriends name. Need help

So I am wondering, will she be legally in trouble for having my buisness under her name and filing for unemployment? We live in the New York area. I am doing all the work and stuff just under her name so the buisness can be made

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Feb 16, 2021

Unemployment requires that everyone who intends to be self-employed discloses that fact to the DOL when they first apply for benefits.

It does not matter if someone earned no money from their business while unemployed. The key factor is disclosing an applicant's intent up front. DOL...
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1 Answer | Asked in Contracts, Employment Law and Health Care Law for New York on
Q: What are the requirements for hiring a healthcare worker example “ecg technicians” for a Telehealth company?

Does a Telehealth company need to meet particular requirements to contract a 1099 ecg technician to service a medical primary care providers patient population on the behalf of the primary care physician?

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Feb 10, 2021

Regardless of what the parties call themselves, an employee is an employee. Many employers misclassify employees as 1099 independent contractors. Maybe the following example will help.

When most people hire plumbers, the hiring persons are not in the plumbing business. A licensed plumber,...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: I'm a 1099 contractor and I'm owed over $4000 but the employer won't pay. What do I do?

I've worked for this company for nearly 7 years and their payment history is very uneven.

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Feb 10, 2021

The following link from the New York State Office of Courts should help:

http://www.nycourts.gov/courthelp/SmallClaims/index.shtml

Are you sure that you are a 1099 contractor and not an employee? Even if employees and employers agree, in writing, that someone is a 1099 contractor...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: Can my salaried exempt position be changed to hourly because the employer does not want to meet the NYS requirement

I am a salaried exempt director for a NFP. am being told that my position must be moved to an hourly rate because they cannot afford to meet the State minimum required salary for exempt salaried employees. I have held this salaried exempt position since accepting in 2013. In addition, I may not... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Jan 29, 2021

Call employment lawyers immediately to discuss. Smart employers pay hourly plus overtime for any employee who the employer suspects may not be exempt.

Remember that salaried employees have to meet the job duties test as well as the minimal salary requirements. Under federal laws the salary...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law and Employment Discrimination for New York on
Q: can i request salary information of my peers at a private university in new york? what are the pay transparency laws?

have salary inequity concerns at a private university in NY. i would like to request information on my peer's salary to assure indeed i am paid equitably. what are the wage transparency laws? can i legally request this information from my employer? my employer is a federal contractor

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Jan 26, 2021

Under New York State Laws only civil service employees have access to their own and colleagues' personnel files. Private organizations don't even have to provide access to employees' own personnel files under New York Labor Laws.

You ask a very timely and valid question. We...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: Hi. I have non compete question. What are the chances employer would sue me for breaching non compete in nyc?
V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Jan 26, 2021

No lawyer can answer your question without reviewing your agreement. We speak with you first to get an idea about the work you do, the industry you are in, and what you plan to do. Sometimes you may be required to place both your current employer and your future employer on notice of the... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Employment Discrimination for New York on
Q: Do I have a right to file suit against my employer if he continually lies to me about overtime?

He told me that he had to watch the budget, then gave 1 person 82 hours and another 84.

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Jan 19, 2021

Is your employer motivated by an improper purpose to give others overtime which you are denied? For example, race, religion, color, gender, etc... are factors used by your employer when he decides who gets overtime? He cannot deny you overtime because you are a woman (just guessing) but he could... Read more »

2 Answers | Asked in Contracts and Employment Law for New York on
Q: I signed a contract stating I must give my employer 90 day notice. What are the legal repercussions if I leave before?

My employer made me sign a contract stating I must give them 90 day notice before leaving. I find it excessive and I want to know what would I happen if I leave before. Also, that even if I give them the 90 notice but I take days off between the time I hand in my notice and my last day, I must work... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Jan 13, 2021

Maybe. You need to have an employment lawyer review the agreement you signed. Contracts are contracts although there are circumstances where they are not enforceable. Don't take chances. A little investment now can save you big bucks in the future. Retainers for entering appearances in federal... Read more »

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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law and Workers' Compensation for New York on
Q: Question about PUA

Hello! Would one of the following be enough proof of self employment to qualify for PUA (pandemic unemployment assistance) ? : a check I received for a private lesson I taught in November 2020, check I reveived for a photo session I did in December 2020. I am a self employed actor and photographer.... Read more »

V. Jonas Urba
V. Jonas Urba answered on Jan 10, 2021

The Department of Labor determines what proof you must provide. They can request more if it's not clear.

If you are denied benefits make sure to TIMELY request an administrative hearing before an ALJ. I think all hearings are telephonic. You can then compare your claim file with any...
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