Q: How do I go forward when judge has ordered it a civil case in regards to back alimony
A: If a spouse is ordered to pay alimony in a divorce and does not pay, the most common method of enforcement is to file a show cause/contempt action to ask the court to force the person to pay or face up to 6 months of jail time. This is a civil action that is normally filed within the court case where the divorce decree was entered. There are also other methods of enforcement such as garnishment.
A: All money judgment enforcements are civil actions. Your question is a bit unclear as to where you are in the process, but I would note that the process for civil or criminal contempt for nonpayment is the same. If you did not receive alimony at the time of your divorce, you can never have it awarded post-dissolution, but you may have some other civil cause of action against your former spouse (for example, if you are being sued for his/her debt or a joint debt, you may be able to bring him/her into the action as a co-defendant). Your best bet is to consult with an experienced attorney in your jurisdiction so you can confidentially review the specific details in your matter and learn about your options. Best wishes!
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