Q: is scheming or planning essential elements of criminal intent in new mexico?
A: Many crimes only require general intent. Planning ahead to commit a crime sounds like premeditation, carefully weighing the pros and cons, which is only required for first degree murder. Other crimes require a specific intent to do that crime but it does not require a plan or a scheme. Planning to do a crime with a another person could be charged as a conspiracy to do the crime. Planning or scheming to do a crime but being stopped could be an attempt to commit a crime which itself is a crime.
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