Q: What is the name of the law that protects tribal members from their own tribal government
A: It sounds likely that you are thinking of the Indian Civil Rights Act, which is at 25 USC 1301-03. The tribe itself may also have something akin to a bill of rights that it has itself enacted, or customary laws or doctrines recognizing additional or different rights than those in the ICRA. But in the ICRA Congress imposed on tribes the obligation to enforce a subset of the bill of rights, though the tribe has interpretive authority to interpret those rights differently than the federal courts to a certain extent.
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