Q: In the state of utah can a state trooper / officer have a k9 sniff around your vehicle without probable cause
I got pulled over for my license plate lights being out
A: This is a somewhat complicated answer. The short answer is yes. The US Supreme Court has said that a K9 sniff if your vehicle is NOT a search and therefor does not require any probable cause. Now, that being said, an officer cannot unreasonably delay the stop. So if he pulled you over for a license plate being out and waited 45 min. for a K9 officer to arrive on scene that is not allowed. That would be an unreasonable delay and there is a chance any contraband discovered during the K9 sniff would be excluded. If you were cited for anything a K9 found you should contact an attorney for a more detailed explanation and discussion on your case.
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