Q: Do all Arizona criminal cases need to be presented to a grand jury to proceed in court?
No. Felony cases can be brought before a grand jury or there can be a probable cause hearing during the preliminary hearing phase. This can be a witness or a non-witness hearing. Misdemeanor cases need neither and can be charged simply by the prosecution filing a complaint. Also, it is important to know that if a felony case does go to a grand, there are very strict deadlines on how long a person has to examine the transcript of the hearing, find issues and file motions with the court addressing these issues.
This is among many other reasons why it is important to consult with an Arizona criminal defense attorney as early in the case as possible. It is never too early in the case (or potential case) for a free consultation. Many criminal defense attorneys (myself included) will discuss your case with you at no charge.
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