Q: By law in Oregon.Do I have preceed a civil suit against my best friend for shoveing me and leaving bruises?
A: Your question is a bit confusing. You have no legal obligation to report anything to the Police if you do not wish to. Once reported however, control of the matter is out of your hands and the district attorney will decide whether they wish to proceed with criminal charges (though they may have trouble proving their case without your cooperation and testimony, though they are used to domestic violence victims becoming non-cooperative and not wanting to testify). Jail and/or fine is, of course, a potential penalty in a criminal case. You, however, refer to a civil suit rather than criminal. Depending upon the exact facts, you may indeed have grounds to sue your friend civilly for damages arising out of your being assaulted or battered. If you did, and you won, you would get a money judgment against him which you would then have to collect on your own, be it by his voluntarily paying you or by your garnishing his wages or bank account(s), or by having the Sheriff seize and levy upon his personal property. Hope this helps.
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