Q: Does a police officer need probable cause to stop your vehicle. a) is yes, does the police have to state in their
report/cititation the reason they stop your vehicle. b) if not is that grounds for dismissal at a motions hearing regardless of any citations issued. c) what would be a good up to date case to cite e.g., Maryland V. Pringle, 540 U.S. 366, 371 (2003), or is their a more recent case. In my case I was stopped and issued 4 cititation but the officer never stated way he stopped my vehicle all the cititation relate to issues found that had nothing to do with the initial stop.
A: An officer doesn't have to state the reasons he stopped the vehicle in any citation. He observed something wrong and can flag you over. If he's going to arrest or search he needs probable cause. In stop and frisk, it's the frisk that is more probable cause related.The officer can ask someone to stop he suspects of a crime. Now whether that person needs to comply is a little different in a street stop. Not so with a car. Focus on the violations and not the Con. Law
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