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New Jersey Intellectual Property Questions & Answers
2 Answers | Asked in Copyright and Intellectual Property for New Jersey on
Q: A university copied a course that I made and offering online to hundreds of students. How do I sue for copyright breach?

I am a university professor. I created a graduate course that I grew over time and it became very popular attracting 200+ students. I then had to take medical leave. After returning I have discovered that the university has made an online version of my course and are offering it to hundreds of... View More

Emmanuel Coffy
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answered on Feb 18, 2024

Suing for copyright infringement involves several steps and considerations, especially in the context of academic work and the agreements that might exist between faculty members and their institutions. Before proceeding, it's crucial to understand the specific circumstances of your case,... View More

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2 Answers | Asked in Copyright and Intellectual Property for New Jersey on
Q: A university copied a course that I made and offering online to hundreds of students. How do I sue for copyright breach?

I am a university professor. I created a graduate course that I grew over time and it became very popular attracting 200+ students. I then had to take medical leave. After returning I have discovered that the university has made an online version of my course and are offering it to hundreds of... View More

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Feb 21, 2024

To sue the university for copyright infringement, you would need to gather evidence to support your claim. This includes documentation proving that you created the original course, such as lesson plans, syllabi, and other course materials. Additionally, you should collect any correspondence or... View More

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2 Answers | Asked in Copyright and Intellectual Property for New Jersey on
Q: I have a question regarding copyright infringement.

I own a set of original 35MM photograph slides, which I want to put into a book to self-publish and reproduce. Since I am not the original owner of these slides, do I have the right to fully use them to my advantage?

The slides I bought were from online auctions, which originated from... View More

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Jan 12, 2024

Owning physical copies of photographs, such as 35mm slides, does not automatically grant you the copyright to these images. The copyright of a photograph typically belongs to the photographer who created it, or their heirs if the photographer has passed away. This copyright usually includes the... View More

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1 Answer | Asked in Intellectual Property and Copyright for New Jersey on
Q: Can a crafter claim copyright on items they created with mass produced, publicly available supplies?

I have online craft stores. A part of my inventory is jewelry, created with supplies that are mass produced and imported from overseas (lockets, charms, necklaces, etc). I often combine these items (ie: add a charm to the face of a locket) and add glow material to make it glow in the dark

I... View More

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Dec 21, 2023

In New Jersey, as in other parts of the United States, copyright law can be complex, especially when it comes to craft items made from mass-produced components. Copyright protection does not extend to items made from commonly available supplies simply arranged or combined without significant... View More

2 Answers | Asked in Trademark and Intellectual Property for New Jersey on
Q: Trademarking my business name.

I've had my business for over 20 yrs but only recently contacted an online legal services company about trademarking the name. A few weeks later that company contacted me by email informing me that someone else was applying to trademark the same name and if I did not respond in 2 days, they... View More

Felicia Altman
Felicia Altman
answered on Dec 16, 2023

You should speak to a trademark attorney who can conduct a trademark search to see if someone else has already registered a trademark with the same or similar name with the USPTO in the same or similar class of goods. A trademark attorney or specialist can conduct a quick search to see if any marks... View More

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2 Answers | Asked in Trademark and Intellectual Property for New Jersey on
Q: Trademarking my business name.

I've had my business for over 20 yrs but only recently contacted an online legal services company about trademarking the name. A few weeks later that company contacted me by email informing me that someone else was applying to trademark the same name and if I did not respond in 2 days, they... View More

Leonard R. Boyer
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answered on Dec 16, 2023

You need to retain an experienced New Jersey law firm, that has an attorney who is highly experienced in not just trademarks but all intellectual property and also has an attorney that can help you set up the right corporate entities and contracts as well as show you want being a digital... View More

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1 Answer | Asked in Patents (Intellectual Property) and Intellectual Property for New Jersey on
Q: What happens when a company owns a patent of product but goes bankruptcy, that patent will be remain active or dead?
James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Dec 14, 2023

When a company that owns a patent goes bankrupt, the fate of the patent depends on the bankruptcy proceedings and the decisions made by the bankruptcy court. The patent itself doesn't automatically become inactive or "dead" due to the bankruptcy.

In a bankruptcy case, the...
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2 Answers | Asked in Copyright and Intellectual Property for New Jersey on
Q: copyright infringement / examiner oversight

I am sued for copyright infringement.

I requested, paid for, and received the original registration documents, the deposits, and the correspondence from the congress library about the specific copyright. It looks like the examiner made a mistake and oversight on his part (18 years ago),... View More

Emmanuel Coffy
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answered on Aug 22, 2023

Based on your description, you seem to be suggesting that there was a potential error made by the Copyright Office in registering a work that was previously indicated to be ineligible for copyright. Here are some general points to consider:

Validity of the Copyright: Copyright registrations...
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2 Answers | Asked in Copyright and Intellectual Property for New Jersey on
Q: copyright infringement / examiner oversight

I am sued for copyright infringement.

I requested, paid for, and received the original registration documents, the deposits, and the correspondence from the congress library about the specific copyright. It looks like the examiner made a mistake and oversight on his part (18 years ago),... View More

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Aug 29, 2023

You may have grounds to challenge the validity of the copyright based on the examiner's initial letter indicating reasons for rejection. Such evidence could be persuasive in showing that the work should not have been copyrighted in the first place, thereby negating claims of infringement.... View More

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3 Answers | Asked in Trademark and Intellectual Property for New Jersey on
Q: Is The rowdy mermaid already a trademark name for a store front
Leonard R. Boyer
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answered on Jul 29, 2023

On Monday, April 27, 2020, a trademark application was filed for ROWDY MERMAID with the United States Patent and Trademark Office. The USPTO has given the ROWDY MERMAID trademark a serial number of 88890277. The federal status of this trademark filing is REGISTERED as of Tuesday, June 22, 2021.... View More

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3 Answers | Asked in Trademark and Intellectual Property for New Jersey on
Q: Is The rowdy mermaid already a trademark name for a store front
James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Aug 6, 2023

To determine if "The Rowdy Mermaid" is already a trademark for a store front, you should conduct a thorough search of the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) database and other relevant sources to check for existing registrations or pending applications. This will help you... View More

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2 Answers | Asked in Trademark and Intellectual Property for New Jersey on
Q: If we produce a hot sauce made with tabasco peppers, can we say on the label "made with tabasco peppers" ?

we will produce a hot sauce from Costa Rica made with actual Tabasco peppers. Can we say on the label "made with Tabasco peppers" or will we have problems with the Tabasco McIlhenny company? Thank you!

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on May 22, 2023

The term "Tabasco" is a registered trademark owned by the McIlhenny Company, specifically referring to their hot sauce brand. The use of the term "Tabasco" on your hot sauce label could potentially infringe upon their trademark rights. It is advisable to avoid using the term... View More

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2 Answers | Asked in Trademark and Intellectual Property for New Jersey on
Q: If we produce a hot sauce made with tabasco peppers, can we say on the label "made with tabasco peppers" ?

we will produce a hot sauce from Costa Rica made with actual Tabasco peppers. Can we say on the label "made with Tabasco peppers" or will we have problems with the Tabasco McIlhenny company? Thank you!

David Aldrich
David Aldrich
answered on May 15, 2023

No one can guarantee you that a company using the term "tabasco" as part of their name won't TRY to create "problems" for you. That said, it would be very difficult for any such company to prevent you from using the phrase "made with tabasco peppers," as... View More

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2 Answers | Asked in Copyright, Intellectual Property and Trademark for New Jersey on
Q: Are the bluey images and text copyrighted?

I make cups with bluey images on them. Are bluey images copyrighted?

N'kia (NLN)
N'kia (NLN)
answered on May 2, 2023

Generally, copyright belongs to the creator or author from the moment they create or author something, whether they register it or not, and you can only use something for commercial purposes if you created it, bought it, or "licensed" it. (There are some exceptions to the general rules,... View More

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3 Answers | Asked in Copyright, Trademark and Intellectual Property for New Jersey on
Q: can I use Apollo for my brand
James L. Arrasmith
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answered on May 2, 2023

The use of "Apollo" as a brand name will depend on various factors, including the nature of your business and the goods or services you offer. It's possible that the term "Apollo" is already registered as a trademark by another company in your industry, in which case you... View More

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1 Answer | Asked in Copyright and Intellectual Property for New Jersey on
Q: Can you get hit with a copyright infringement for whats sent in a groupchat? What about what you show people in person?

I’m a YouTuber and I’m curious what is fair use and what isn’t.

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Mar 29, 2023

It is possible to be hit with a copyright infringement claim for sharing copyrighted material in a group chat or showing it to people in person without permission. Fair use is a legal doctrine that allows for limited use of copyrighted material without the owner's permission for specific... View More

2 Answers | Asked in Copyright, Business Law, Intellectual Property and Trademark for New Jersey on
Q: If my dogs name is Tater, can I bake a chicken and cheese treat named Tater’s Tots?
Leonard R. Boyer
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answered on Mar 25, 2023

NO you cannot do so. The name "Tater Tot" is a registered trademark of Ore-Ida. You would end up paying a significant sum of money since you would be infringement of their trademark. What you need to do is develop a business plan and a different name for your product that is catchy.... View More

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2 Answers | Asked in Copyright, Intellectual Property and Trademark for New Jersey on
Q: What are the first steps in filing for the copyright of an activity or event that will be on-going?

Also includes the words "the new" at the beginning and the word "revue" at the end; (i.e, the new.......revue). As a tribute to the orginal activity, which is no longer in business, would this be an infringement issue?

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Mar 29, 2023

The first step in filing for copyright protection for an ongoing activity or event is to determine if the work is eligible for copyright protection. Generally, original works of authorship that are fixed in a tangible medium of expression are eligible for copyright protection. Once it is determined... View More

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2 Answers | Asked in Copyright, Intellectual Property and Trademark for New Jersey on
Q: What are the first steps in filing for the copyright of an activity or event that will be on-going?

Also includes the words "the new" at the beginning and the word "revue" at the end; (i.e, the new.......revue). As a tribute to the orginal activity, which is no longer in business, would this be an infringement issue?

Fritz-Howard Raymond Clapp
Fritz-Howard Raymond Clapp
answered on Mar 13, 2023

It would not be infringing to use the name or trademark of a company that is no longer in business, and even if it were, the use would be "nominative fair use" which means you are simply naming it for identification purposes.

The title format "the new ... revue" could...
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2 Answers | Asked in Intellectual Property and Patents (Intellectual Property) for New Jersey on
Q: I'm creating a Trading Card Game. What patents in terms of card layout and battle mechanics do I have to look out for?
David Aldrich
David Aldrich
answered on Feb 14, 2023

This will depend on the details of your specific game, and it would require a professional search. When we do these, we hire a specialized searching company that performs a “clearance search” (in this case, they would search for those patents claiming a trading card game that are closest to... View More

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