No, durable powers of attorney and advance medical directives do not create the same rights and duties as marriage. The public policy of the Commonwealth support marriage as a fundamental institution of society in ways not enjoyed by mere parties to a contract. Spouses enjoy a number of rights and...Read more »
The required separation agreement for a no fault divorce in Virginia is one year from the date of separation, with at least one of the parties intending for the separation to be permanent, and maintaining that intent continuously for the period of separation. If the parties have no minor children...Read more »
Most married couples in Virginia own their real property as tenants by the entirety with the common-law right of survivorship. This tenancy is based on the old common-law fiction that a husband and wife were a single legal unit. Each spouse owns the undivided whole. Upon the death of either, the...Read more »
Officer stated that VA code requires someone to be arrested if the police are called for a domestic issue. My husband threatened to leave with our child. I pulled his shirt to stop him and also beeped his horn so a neighbor would assist. They called... Read more »
It is not unusual in family abuse cases for the complaining witness to decline prosecution, after thinking the matter over. Nevertheless, a criminal offense is considered an offense against the state, not between two private parties, and the state could compel a witness to testify against that...Read more »
A person may act for an incapacitated person either as a guardian or conservator by virtue of a court order, a court appointed guardian ad litem, or pursuant to a durable power of attorney. The durable power of attorney must be signed by the principal before becoming incapacitated or during a...Read more »
You do not indicate in your question whether your father died testate - with a will - or intestate - without a will, whether his surviving spouse is claiming any statutory rights to his augmented estate or family residence. I would assume he died with a will because you do not recognize any rights...Read more »
we have been legally separated for 3 years. The complaint was filed in 2017 and the case is still active. My ex's attorney is demanding that I give him my SSN in order to file an affidavit to submit to the court. I don't think that I need to provide this confidential information.
The spouses's social security numbers appear on at least two forms in a divorce in Virginia, the VS-4 form for Vital Statistics and a Confidential Addendum for identification purposes. The Confidential Addendum is sealed and confidential in the case file, so members of the public cannot view it....Read more »
Neither representing attorneys or judge adhered to the Federal Military Spouse Protection Act regarding community property. I would of been under the 1982 rules. I did not know about this federal act at the time.
Your question contains a mixture of somewhat complex issues and illustrates a conflict between federal and state law. The first issue is preemption. Preemption occurs when exclusive federal jurisdiction and law on specific areas of law prevent action under state jurisdiction and laws, for...Read more »
I was granted primary custody of a child in July. The other party appealed and they were granted a trial de novo in Circuit Court. We are both currently pro-se. I previously submitted admissions and interrogatories for the case in July. The other party responded but did not provide their own... Read more »
A witness can be impeached by prior inconsistent testimony or sworn responses in discovery. Impeachment requires a particular sequence of questioning that allows the witness to first give correct testimony, recollect instances of prior testimony, and then acknowledge prior inconsistencies. There...Read more »
Grandparents passed with a will stating equal distribution among the surviving children. One of their children passed without a will. Sale of grandparents real estate to be divided among children of the recently deceased. Fathered a child outside of wedlock. Child was left out of listing of heirs... Read more »
This is a somewhat complicated issue which should be discussed with an experienced Virginia probate lawyer with the benefit of an illustration of the family tree. Generally, a child or descendant of a child, born out of wedlock, has the essentially the same rights as an heir as the other children...Read more »
It depends. The calculations must be run for each situation.
When each parent has at least 90 days custody of a child in Virginia, the shared custody and sole custody child support worksheet calculations are used, with the lesser amount being the presumptively correct amount of child...Read more »
Defendent did not respond and is well beyond 21 days. I told clerk i wanted to pursue judgement by default. Clerk said there are some papers to fill out. What papers? Clerk told me I was almost done and had only one thing left to do but couldn't tell me what. Do I have to write a letter to the... Read more »
The starting point for service of process in divorce cases is Virginia Code Section 20-99. The primary consideration in service for divorce cases is the relief sought. Under the concept of divisible divorce, a marriage consists of two components - a legal relationship or res, and property rights...Read more »
My wife is in the process of making a business investment, however I as the husband can't be party to the the business and I need to make a disclaimer to that effect. Essentially a disclaimer of marital interest.
Spouses in Virginia can enter into enforceable marital agreements under Virginia Code Section 20-155 of the Virginia Premarital Agreement Act. These agreements take different forms, including prenuptial agreements or antenuptial agreements, marital agreements, separation agreements, stipulations...Read more »
Virginia Code Section 20-107.1(H) sets forth the required notices for court-ordered spousal support only, while Virginia Code Section 20-60.3 sets forth the required notices for court-ordered spousal support where the parents have a mutual child support obligation. Local practices in Virginia...Read more »
The protection against creditors under the automatic stay in bankruptcy only lasts for the first 30 days in a second case filed within a year of dismissed prior bankruptcy. In most cases, the debtor should file a motion to extend the stay past the first thirty days by demonstrating that the second...Read more »
Virginia recognizes the validity of holographic will. A true holographic will, written entirely in the handwriting of the testator, does not require two witnesses at time of execution; however, two disinterested witnesses are necessary to prove the will, but these witnesses may or may not have...Read more »
Child support orders in Virginia can be modified upon a threshold showing of a material change in financial circumstances. A child support order will normally include responsibility for a parent's income share of medical bills not covered by health insurance. It is not clear from your question...Read more »
Under Virginia Code Section 8.01-453, the clerk of the court may enter a satisfaction upon presentation of a certificate or at the direction of the creditor's attorney. Under Virginia Code Section 8.01-455, a judgment debtor can move the court to mark a judgment as satisfied if it has been paid or...Read more »
My fiance and I obtained a Marriage License from a VA Court Clerks office and held a marriage ceremony in the presence of 150 guests (within 60 days time of obtaining the license) in Virginia. However, the marriage certificate was never filed by the officiant after the ceremony. If the Marriage... Read more »
Virginia's public policy favors marriage and the validity of marriage in the Commonwealth. As such, Virginia has several curative statutes that may validate imperfect marriages. In addition, a party who questions the validity of a marriage may file a suit to determine the validity of the marriage...Read more »
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