Allen C. Ladd's answer This is a gray area. Send the death certificate with request for humanitarian review. Do this through an immigration lawyer. In any event, the Form I-864 Affidavit of Support by the petitioner (US citizen mother) will likely need to be replaced with the I-864 of another USC/lawful permanent resident (LPR).
BTW, this looks like an "F3" family-based 3rd preference case, USC parent filing for [married adult child + son/daughter-in-law and grandchildren] family unit. There is no "F7"...
Allen C. Ladd's answer Yes. You will be giving travel information on the N-400. This will include the first 3 months of your 4.75-year period. Be sure, now, to stay in the USA and in the same city, state where you are now, for at least the next 90 days.
Allen C. Ladd's answer So you need a new German passport, right? You will need to contact the German embassy (Botschaft) in Manila. Here is their Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/germanembassymanila
I don't know about overstaying in the Philippines, but I doubt it will be an issue for the country you wish to travel to. (I'm guessing it is Germany but it shouldn't matter. Philippines immigration issues don't follow you to another country.)
Allen C. Ladd's answer Those are your two options. If you marry here, she can stay and you both will file applications with US immigration. She will have to remain in the USA for 4-6 months, until she receives permission to travel. After about another 2 to 6 months, you will have an interview at the local USCIS office (Phoenix, perhaps), and if all goes well she will receive a 2-yr green card. Good luck!
Allen C. Ladd's answer I suggest you keep googling for TX and LA DMV record info. You may need to have official DMV records on the speeding violations, for your natz interview. Go ahead and complete the form -- and note that YES, you were CITED and you were CHARGED and your were CONVICTED of a CRIME ... even though speedking tickets are low-level criminal offenses. Also if you even spent an hour in jail (not likely but possible) you must answer the question below those questions, YES you were in jail for __1__ day...
Allen C. Ladd's answer Sorry to disappoint you, but it is probably not worth the effort. The visa "preference" category for siblings of US citizens is backlogged. It will likely take a dozen or more years -- much longer if your brother is from Mexico. Another issue is that Congress might eliminate the category.
See an immigration lawyer to explore other options. Ask him or her about "EB-3" employment-based permanent residence, to get the conversation started. Not easy, but in the right circumstances it...
Allen C. Ladd's answer Your father may file a new petition. The first case was correctly denied because you were married while the petition was pending; permanent residents may only sponsor unmarried children.
Allen C. Ladd's answer To make sure I understand correctly, your sister is a US citizen and is 23 years old. Your sister may petition your mother for permanent residence, yes. Whether your mother applies for naturalization is up to your mother, and it is something that will only come up after your mother has been an LPR (lawful permanent resident) for about 5 years. I trust this answers your question but if not, please let me know.
Allen C. Ladd's answer Big repercussions. You cannot "port" a PR case until you have filed I-485 and it's been pending 180 days.
As far as your "responsibilities," they are bringing you to permanent residence, so either you are with them or you aren't. Having your own attorney will allow you to explore other options, whatever they may be, but it doesn't automatically find you a new way to the finish line of your pending PR case. Good luck!
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