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Questions Answered by Peter H. Westby
1 Answer | Asked in Probate for Arizona on
Q: co-executor issues. I’m doing all the leg work, and physical work. She ignores my messages for days. Assets < 75,000

My dad has a will named his co executors as myself his dtr and his significant others dtr (they weren’t married). I want to follow my dads wishes and I feel like I have to hurry up and get everything done. She has done nothing other than sign documents to sell his house. I had to find the... Read more »

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Jan 21, 2020

Where there co-executors it is not unusual for one of them to do most of the work. A co-executor can be removed by court order but I would not recommend spending estate assets for this procedure unless the co-executor's conduct is causing loss or damage to the estate. I recommend completing the... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Land Use & Zoning and Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: Do other access roads, though not in good condition, negate a prescriptive easement?

A prescriptive easement exists and a new property owner fenced the easement. Can the new property owner legally fence off the easement? Three other access roads exist, however, none of them are in good condition and are longer. Can the new owner be forced to remove the fence? And do the other... Read more »

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Jan 13, 2020

This is not a question that can be easily answered here. The answer depends upon many facts that were not included in your fact summary, including but not limited to the history of the easement that has been fenced off. I strongly recommend that you have this matter reviewed by a real estate... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: A question on paying real estate commissions to a management company that was terminated.

I am selling a residential rental property to the tenant. I have a contract with the old management company that requires I pay them 6% if selling within 180 days of the lease termination, even though I brought the tenant to them. I terminated the lease early and had a new lease signed. I also... Read more »

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Jan 7, 2020

I strongly recommend that you consult with a real estate attorney. Your question cannot be answered without reviewing the contracts and other materials you mentioned, including correspondence between you and the management company. You can be sure that the management company will interpret its... Read more »

2 Answers | Asked in Foreclosure and Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: There is an auction coming up, I saw the owner just placed a "lis Pendens" to stall post auction.

Checking the county recorder's office, this was recently filed. The bank foreclosed, but it looks like she wants to live in the house awhile after the auction. How much trouble will a Lis Pendens be? It could be that she thinks no one will bid on her house with that move. I don't really know if... Read more »

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Jan 2, 2020

A lis pendens is intended to give notice of litigation that is currently pending and concerns issues of title or ownership of the real property. It creates a unlawful cloud on title if used for any other purpose and can be removed by court order if necessary. Assuming the pending foreclosure was... Read more »

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1 Answer | Asked in Civil Litigation for Arizona on
Q: Can I bring a Craigslist seller to small claims court for a car sale?

Hi Sirs/Maams,

I bought a car off Craigslist. The private seller says the engine has been rebuild 20,000 miles ago and the car runs great.

I bought it and 3 days later the engine died. My mechanic says I will have to put a new engine in or scrap the car. He is convinced the engine... Read more »

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Dec 30, 2019

Yes, you can file suit in the small claims court so long as your claim is $3500.00 or less. It is impossible to give you an answer as to your chances of winning with the information you provided. You will need to prove that your seller misrepresented the facts to you. With your mechanic's... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: Although I have resided in Green Valley over 2 yrs, I have issues with property in Arkansas where I previously resided.

Are attorney's in this state dealing with issues in other states?

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Dec 30, 2019

You will need to consult with an attorney licensed to practice in Arkansas concerning Arkansas real property matters. Real property law varies from state to state and an Arkansas real estate attorney should be hired to assist you.

1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: My husband and I are separated, not legally. Can I buy a house in Georgia without him having to be involved?

I do not want to have his bills considered nor credit. I want it in my name alone.

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Nov 14, 2019

Under Arizona law every asset purchased during marriage is presumed to be community property. To protect your investment your husband should disclaim his interest. I recommend working with an Arizona family law lawyer to assist you with this transaction so that your goals can be accomplished and... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: I own a home with a boyfriend 1/2 and 1/2. We have broken up. Can I force him to sell so I can get my equity?
Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Nov 4, 2019

Yes, if necessary you can file an action for the partition and sale of this real property. The court will appoint a special commissioner ( a real estate agent ) to market and sell the property and the court will decide how the sales proceeds are to be divided if this becomes an issue.

1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: i recently erected a us flag on my property and received a notice I was not in compliance with the HOA.

I was unaware that I need the HOA's consent to do so. I am in non compliance because my flag pole is not one of the specified colors in the HOA guide....Black-Bronze-or dark gray. My pole is brushed aluminum. My home is white and the colors required by the HOA do not permit the pole to blend in... Read more »

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Nov 2, 2019

In most cases, you can appeal a non-compliance notice. Check your CC&R's for the procedure to do this. I recommend communicating promptly and attempting to work out a settlement. If this matter is not resolved, it is possible that you will be fined or sued by your HOA. Your CC&Rs as well as the... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law and Landlord - Tenant for Arizona on
Q: I moved in with my BF 4 yrs ago. His mom owned the house and didn't charge rent. She died and his step

His stepdad has Alzheimer's. He moved out and wants me to pay him rent. He sleeps here more than not. Can he evict me? In AZ

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Oct 30, 2019

If your BF has inherited the home and is the owner or if he is the court appointed personal representative of his late mother's estate, he can evict you.

1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: I am 1/3 owner of a home. Am I entitled to receive the $ back I put into it when ending partnership?
Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Sep 17, 2019

Maybe. It depends upon the terms of your partnership agreement. It is also possible that you are entitled only to 1/3 of the equity value of the home or nothing at all until the house sells at some future time. I recommend that you consult an attorney concerning your legal rights. This can be... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Foreclosure and Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: I am concerned that I am signing a lease agreement on a house that is going to go into foreclosure .

I’ve been offered a lease agreement at a very low rate considering the property. It does have cosmetic issues, and is in need of quite a few repairs, but overall in decent shape.

I’ve verified that the person that I am dealing with is in fact the owner of the home already, so I do not... Read more »

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Sep 11, 2019

You have rights under the Protecting Tenants at Foreclosure Act. In the event the house you are renting is foreclosed upon, you have a right to a minimum of 90 days notice before your lease can be terminated. And if the buyer is a business or other entity that has no plans to use the home as a... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: Moving out of a rental to another rental. Do I have to pay rent for that day to both property owners?

I am moving out of one rental on the 18th of the month in the morning. I will be out by noon. I will be moving into another rental and have already paid rent for that day to the new rental owner. Do I still have to pay the rent for that day to the owner of the place where I am moving from?

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Sep 7, 2019

You have two rental agreements. One with the old landlord and one with the new. You must honor both. If your first rental agreement requires you to pay rent on the day you move, you should pay the rent agreed upon. If you do not, your landlord has the right to withhold unpaid rent from your... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Estate Planning, Elder Law and Probate for Arizona on
Q: Is ARS code 14-2503 valid to cover a person putting their hand on tetatrix to sign a will while having dimentia

Will was made 10 days before mom died, my sister adds her name on to inherit the house. Can this qualify as undue influence

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Aug 27, 2019

The procedure you described appears highly questionable. You may have grounds to object to this will. The will may not qualify as a valid holographic will and/or your Mom may not have had testamentary capacity. I recommend reviewing this matter with a probate attorney as soon as possible. Once... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Business Law and Contracts for Arizona on
Q: Is a non-compete agreement transferable when a company changes its name and principles are different
Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Aug 26, 2019

A non-compete agreement can be transferable. The agreement should be reviewed by an attorney to see if it is made specifically transferable to a successor entity by its terms. I recommend having your agreement reviewed by an attorney. It would also be helpful to your attorney to know more about... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Libel & Slander, Civil Litigation and Civil Rights for Arizona on
Q: I need to know what can I do my ex friend has done slander, threats, releasing my medical history, cyber harassing me

I have evidence and videos with proof of her saying all of this

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Aug 22, 2019

You have several options ranging from obtaining an order of protection against harassment to filing a civil lawsuit. I recommend that you speak with an attorney to learn your legal rights and best options. When your attorney knows the facts, he or she will be able to assist you in selecting the... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: Should I be given an addendum to sign for new owners since my lease is not yet up?

The new owner of the house I rent has not given me any legal documents showing they are my landlords. They’re charging me administrative fees the previous property management company had in their lease addendum, even though they’re not a company. Otherwise, my original lease was from two... Read more »

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Aug 7, 2019

A new owner of a home takes it subject to any valid existing leases. Your lease remains valid for the remainder of its term. An addendum to the lease is not legally necessary. However, the new landlord should comply with Arizona law and give notice as to who the new property manager is and how... Read more »

2 Answers | Asked in Estate Planning, Elder Law and Probate for Arizona on
Q: How can I verify that my mother's will and testament is legal and names me executor and distributor of all property?

Several months ago, my mother (who passed away last week) put together a last will and testament (based on a form from WillForms.org for the state of Arizona). It is signed, notarized, and doubly witnessed by two individuals not receiving any property under the will.

The will names me as... Read more »

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Aug 7, 2019

I recommend scheduling a consultation with a probate attorney for the review of your Mom's Will. Your probate attorney can answer your questions about the Will and can also give you recommendations for the most efficient way to handle your Mom's estate and protect her assets.

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1 Answer | Asked in Probate, Elder Law and Estate Planning for Arizona on
Q: How can I stop my sister from spending my mom's money?

Mom has dementia and is in a assisted living home, a very expensive home. My sister is the Executor of the will and I think she may have guardianship or POA. Long story short but when we moved mom we decided as a family to spruce up the family home and rent it out to offset her costs. My sister has... Read more »

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Jul 23, 2019

I recommend that you consult an attorney about a conservatorship. Appointing a conservator will provide competent help for your mom with her financial affairs and safeguard her assets. A conservator is supervised by the court and must account annually.

If there already is a conservator...
Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Contracts and Real Estate Law for Arizona on
Q: Can I the seller cancel my listing agreement with the real estate agent on my home if I decide I no longer want to sell

Are there any costs that I would be liable for the property has a sign on it and has been listed on the MLS

Peter H. Westby
Peter H. Westby answered on Jul 22, 2019

A listing agreement can be cancelled in most cases, but there can be costs and penalties associated with cancellation. For example, you may be asked to reimburse your agent for his marketing costs. Or, if you decide to sell at a later date, it is possible that your agent may make a claim against... Read more »

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