Jonathan David Warner's answer It will probably be adjourned in contemplation of subsequent Dismissal. With this being said, your daughter should hopefully learn a valuable lesson from this experience... otherwise, the second time may not turn out so well.
Nonetheless, she should hire an attorney or take advantage of a public defender, if one is available for her.
Jonathan David Warner's answer The answer is "yes". Your son signed an agreement, and the State of New York is seeking to enforce the agreement. The good news is that this debt is dischargeable in Bankruptcy, if that is what your son is seeking to do.
Jonathan David Warner's answer They haven't willfully violated your stay protection if they were not noticed regarding the commencement of your Bankruptcy case. This is clearly spelled out under Section 362 of the Bankruptcy Code.
As to what happens after the Discharge Order, no, you will not be protected. Your liability connected with the mortgage will be gone, but your home can still be foreclosed (though it sounds like it already may have been foreclosed). Truthfully, there are way too many considerations to...
Jonathan David Warner's answer That depends on whether there is non-exempt equity in your home. If there's another few thousand dollars of equity that is not exempt, or more, the Trustee may move to sell the house.
The issue, here, is that you cannot simply Dismiss your Chapter 7 case voluntarily. If the Trustee moves to sell the house, your sole, realistic avenue of relief will be to Convert your case to a Chapter 13.
Either way around, you should really consider hiring an attorney, based upon the relatively...
Jonathan David Warner's answer No, not generally, but sometimes a Judge will grant some *limited* timeline (a few weeks, maybe) for you to vacate the property.
For what it's worth, and with all due respect, this is almost definitely not the first notice you've received. If you want to protect your children, it's best not to ignore these Court notices and to move out of your home quickly. While moving is not always easy, it's better to do so on your own terms - and without the Sheriff's deputies forcibly evicting you...
Jonathan David Warner's answer Consider sending her to a VITA or LITC Tax Clinic. They'll be able to review her tax returns and determine whether an Amended Return would be beneficial or appropriate - they provide services free of charge. Hiring a private practitioner would not be cost-effective for her purposes.
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