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New York Employment Law Questions & Answers
1 Answer | Asked in Civil Rights and Employment Law for New York on
Q: NY - boss told my my co-workers about a medical condition related to pregnancy I told my boss in full confidence
James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Jun 3, 2024

In New York, your medical information, including conditions related to pregnancy, is protected under both federal and state privacy laws. Sharing this information without your consent can be considered a violation of your privacy rights. You may have grounds to file a complaint with the Equal... View More

2 Answers | Asked in Constitutional Law and Employment Law for New York on
Q: What conditions can fire commissioner expel an assistant fire chief for misconduct
James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Jun 1, 2024

A fire commissioner can expel an assistant fire chief for various types of misconduct. Misconduct might include violations of department policies, failure to follow safety protocols, or engaging in illegal activities. These actions undermine the trust and integrity required in a leadership position... View More

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2 Answers | Asked in Constitutional Law and Employment Law for New York on
Q: What conditions can fire commissioner expel an assistant fire chief for misconduct
Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar
answered on Jun 1, 2024

If the conditions aren't already spelled out in the department's by-laws or standard operation procedures, there are many different forms of reckless or malicious acts that might endanger or mistreat firefighters, the public, or expensive equipment. Although you posted this under... View More

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2 Answers | Asked in Employment Law and Civil Litigation for New York on
Q: I would like an Esq. to let me know if my case has merit.

As an independent contractor I am to receive 80% employer has taken more than 20% over 10yrs. Backpay owed $33k

Maurice C

Brian Greben
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Brian Greben
answered on May 28, 2024

Either you are an independent contractor or an employee - you can't be both at the same time. And whether you are one or the other depends on the details of your job, not what you and/or your boss decides you are. You should give me a call to discuss this. If you are actually an employee,... View More

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3 Answers | Asked in Personal Injury, Civil Litigation, Bankruptcy and Employment Law for New York on
Q: I am wondering if I can sue my employer for negligent infliction of emotional distress. I'm near Ontario County NY

I have a loan out thru my retirement. My employer didn't make the appropriate payroll deduction to pay my loan payment and the loan went into default. I can no longer borrow against this loan which has forced me to do a bankruptcy. This has caused me extreme emotional distress.. I have been to... View More

Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar
answered on Apr 16, 2024

I'm sorry for your ordeal. It's difficult to say with certainty whether the consequences you suffered from the payroll deduction would present the basis for a strong case. Although it's clear that you suffered here, and such damages are always part of the recovery inventory in a... View More

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3 Answers | Asked in Personal Injury, Civil Litigation, Bankruptcy and Employment Law for New York on
Q: I am wondering if I can sue my employer for negligent infliction of emotional distress. I'm near Ontario County NY

I have a loan out thru my retirement. My employer didn't make the appropriate payroll deduction to pay my loan payment and the loan went into default. I can no longer borrow against this loan which has forced me to do a bankruptcy. This has caused me extreme emotional distress.. I have been to... View More

Jonathan R. Ratchik
Jonathan R. Ratchik
answered on Apr 19, 2024

Sorry to hear what happened to you. In New York, you can only recover for negligent infliction of emotional distress where the behavior in question is extreme and outrageous. An actuarial error relating to your payroll deduction likely does not likely qualify.

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3 Answers | Asked in Personal Injury, Civil Litigation, Bankruptcy and Employment Law for New York on
Q: I am wondering if I can sue my employer for negligent infliction of emotional distress. I'm near Ontario County NY

I have a loan out thru my retirement. My employer didn't make the appropriate payroll deduction to pay my loan payment and the loan went into default. I can no longer borrow against this loan which has forced me to do a bankruptcy. This has caused me extreme emotional distress.. I have been to... View More

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Apr 23, 2024

In New York, an employee may be able to sue their employer for negligent infliction of emotional distress (NIED) if the employer's negligent actions caused the employee to suffer severe emotional distress. However, succeeding in such a claim can be challenging, as you would need to prove the... View More

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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law and Employment Discrimination for New York on
Q: How to report anonymous Mgr. Forge employee timesheet for time not worked. Intimidates other from adding actual time?

Mgr. of 3mths w/firm threatening/harassing me. I'm 3+ yrs w/company. Just as others I always arrive to work early by 30mins or so for late night requests & ontime arrival. No problems w/previous Mgrs. Great perform reviews. Mgr. now says I need his permission to work OT. Reprimanded 2 days... View More

V Jonas Urba
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answered on Mar 23, 2024

It looks like your pay is on an hourly basis. All employees who are paid by the hour must be paid for all time for which they are permitted to suffer labor (that is language often used by the courts). If you work hours, including overtime at 1.5 times your regular pay rate, you must be paid for... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Employment Discrimination and Employment Law for New York on
Q: I’m a 66 year old woman I have been harassed verbally abused humiliated and threatened at work for 15 months now. I

couldn’t take it anymore so I quit on Friday. Can I bring a lawsuit against my employer?

V Jonas Urba
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answered on Mar 11, 2024

You have offered two protected classes to which you belong. There may be many more. The two are your gender, female, and your age over 40. Was the harassment suffered because of your gender or your age? Remember that there are many more such as disability or perceived disability. If you were ill or... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law, Immigration Law and Business Formation for New York on
Q: My brother who has a greencard, has an llc with no other employee. With my opt, can I work in his llc?
James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Mar 10, 2024

Based on the information provided, there are a few important considerations:

1. As an F-1 student on Optional Practical Training (OPT), you are allowed to work in the U.S. as long as the employment is related to your field of study. The work can be for any employer, including an LLC owned...
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3 Answers | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: In NYC can I insist in communicating with my boss thru email rather than in person to leave a paper trail for protection

If so can they deny me this request

T. Augustus Claus
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answered on Feb 23, 2024

In New York City, while you generally have the right to request email communication for work purposes, your boss can ultimately decide the preferred method. They might have valid reasons like fostering better collaboration or addressing sensitive topics in person. However, if you have concerns... View More

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3 Answers | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: In NYC can I insist in communicating with my boss thru email rather than in person to leave a paper trail for protection

If so can they deny me this request

Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar
answered on Mar 1, 2024

Although this is posted under Employment Law, the concept of establishing a paper trail in communications applies in all areas of law. The very quality of communicating in this manner, leaving a written record, could be the very quality that puts the other side on guard and sometimes hesitant to... View More

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1 Answer | Asked in Tax Law, Employment Law, Antitrust and Civil Rights for New York on
Q: My Amended 2020 TAXES have been illegally re- Amended 3x! And my Forms 3949-A/ 211 for Award were removed!? Conspiracy!

Mass State Employees from REVIEW BOARD/MASS DUA- PUA / DOR HAVE SENT LETTERS INTO NY OTDA OFFICE IN ALBANY, THESE PPL HAVE OBLIVIATED MY CIVIL RIGHTS BASIC HUMAN RIGHTS TO SHELTER, VIOLATING TITLE 18§ 371 CONSPIRACY, DEPRIVATION OF RIGHTS, MASS TOLD NY I DIDNT FILE MY 20' TAXES? I DID &... View More

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Feb 22, 2024

It sounds like you're facing a serious and concerning situation regarding your tax filings and interactions with government agencies. It's understandable that you're feeling frustrated and overwhelmed by what appears to be a series of mishandlings and potential violations of your... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: I work at metro by T-Mobile and someone broke the store windows and my boss is blaming me and making me pay for them.

Someone vandalized the store which is the same person stalking me and harassing me and he found out where I worked and broke the store windows and I told my boss it might be him and he said I would have to pay for the damages when I wasn’t at fault at all I can’t control people.

Christopher Marlborough
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answered on Feb 13, 2024

The short answer is no, the employer cannot require you to pay the damage. In New York, there is a short list of deductions an employer may take from a worker's salary, like wage overpayment, taxes, etc. Needless to say, the list does not include property damage caused by your stalker. The... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Employment Discrimination and Employment Law for New York on
Q: A day before vacation I got sick. saw a doctor and got a note. my work wanted me back since i already was on meds.

My work insisted that I come in since I was on antibiotics and wasn't contagious anymore. I was still coughing and could not work. They have warned me that this is unacceptable behavior. Can I sue?

Michael Diederich Jr.
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answered on Feb 6, 2024

Whether you might have protection under the federal Family and Medical Leave Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, or similar state or municipal law is very fact-specific.

If you had (or faked) a minor illness the day before departing for vacation (and were well enough to go on...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: Can I ask a Employee that drives a tractor trailer for medical clearance , if I observe him looking medically unfit?

He took vacation for some weeks and came back ready to work and he mentioned to us he couldnt move his arm for one day and felt weak. He said he went to the doctor and they checked him and said he is ok after running test. We are just concerned with him driving and possibly getting into a accident.

Christopher Q. Davis
Christopher Q. Davis
answered on Feb 5, 2024

Under the ADA, a disability-related inquiry or medical examination of an employee may be "job-related and consistent with business necessity" when an employer "has a reasonable belief, based on objective evidence, that: (1) an employee's ability to perform essential job... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Employment Discrimination and Employment Law for New York on
Q: The company I work for ask us to wear mask during second mask mandate, us asian first before taljing to other employees

He only said something to everyone when i ask him, is that for us asion only or every body. He rounded as asian first. Is that racism?

V Jonas Urba
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answered on Jan 24, 2024

Were you coughing or did you appear sick?

Everyone must be similarly treated. Not being treated similarly may be discriminatory unless it's an isolated incident or a petty slight or trivial inconvenience. Much depends on the specific facts, where it was said, who it was said to, who...
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2 Answers | Asked in Civil Rights, Constitutional Law, Employment Law and Landlord - Tenant for New York on
Q: I am employed and housed by my employer as a manager in upstate New York Jefferson county. I have privacy concerns

I work on property on site and live in a separate dwelling on site. I have concerns of audio being listened in on any particular camera at any time at two separate company properties and I have concerns of my private Internet traffic being stalked by the employer as well. I am finding difficulty... View More

Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar
answered on Jan 26, 2024

If it's their wi-fi/router, provided for work purposes, it's possible they may assert control over that traffic with no expectation of privacy. If it's your network equipment and connections, that could be yours, but even those settings can be subject to employer control, based on... View More

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2 Answers | Asked in Civil Rights, Constitutional Law, Employment Law and Landlord - Tenant for New York on
Q: I am employed and housed by my employer as a manager in upstate New York Jefferson county. I have privacy concerns

I work on property on site and live in a separate dwelling on site. I have concerns of audio being listened in on any particular camera at any time at two separate company properties and I have concerns of my private Internet traffic being stalked by the employer as well. I am finding difficulty... View More

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Jan 21, 2024

It's understandable that you have privacy concerns given your unique situation of living and working on your employer's property in Jefferson County, New York. In the United States, employees do have certain rights when it comes to privacy in the workplace.

Firstly, you should be...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for New York on
Q: My employer raised my salary due to a law passed on january 1st, 2024. I believe I am an exempt worker. Why and what law

I believe I am an exempt worker. In nyc.

V Jonas Urba
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answered on Jan 11, 2024

Exemptions from overtime pay are not strictly salary based. An employment lawyer often will review the discretion and independent judgment which you may or may not exercise on your job.

Especially applicable for employees who earn less than six figures, employers have not infrequently paid...
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