Lawyers, Answer Questions  & Get Points Log In
Questions Answered by Clark Dray
2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Colorado on
Q: Can a debtor try to collect a old bill that was discharged in 2012 to get services again?
Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Sep 10, 2019

Depends on what type of service. If it's a utility, like Xcel, they can require a deposit. If it's a cable provider or a gym, they don't have to let you open a new account. If I were representing the creditor, I'd probably advise against bringing up the old debt in the discussion of new service,... Read more »

View More Answers

4 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for New York on
Q: I need to file for bankruptcy as soon as possible to stop the sell of my house and I can't afford another attorney

I need step by step instructions to file it and can it be done online

Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Sep 6, 2019

It sounds like you may need a Chapter 13, which you really shouldn't file without the assistance of an attorney because there are too many moving parts. Consult this site for information about finding "legal services providers in your area who may be able to assist you with your legal needs for... Read more »

View More Answers

2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Utah on
Q: A discharged Ch 7 bankruptcy from 5 years ago. I just received a medical bill from before bankruptcy. Do I have to pay?

I did not know about a medical bill until today. My chapter 7 bankruptcy was discharged about 5 years ago. I listed all known bills when I filed. Do I have to pay the bill?

Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Aug 30, 2019

In some states, debts can be discharged even if they're not listed. I would check with a bankruptcy attorney in Utah to find out whether that's the case there. That said, simply sending a copy of your discharge order to creditors tends to make many of them back off, even if they weren't listed.

View More Answers

2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Nebraska on
Q: I told my lawyer I didn't want to reaffirm my car loan. Is it too late to change my mind after the bankruptcy is final?
Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Aug 26, 2019

This is going to come down to the judge in your case. Some judges don't believe that they have the authority to approve a reaffirmation after your debts have been discharged. Ask your lawyer to find out whether this is the case before you spend the money to reopen (there's a court fee).

View More Answers

3 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Missouri on
Q: If i owe a somebody filing bankruptcy money, and there is no written contract nor payment arrangement, what can happen

Amount owed is "allegedly" about $40,000. No written contract and no agreement on how to pay the funds back was ever discussed.

Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Aug 20, 2019

The bankruptcy trustee steps into the shoes of the Debtor. This means the trustee can sue you for the money. Whether or not he or she does so will depend on whether the Debtor discloses the claim, which he or she must, and whether the trustee thinks he or she could prevail in a suit against you.

View More Answers

2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for North Carolina on
Q: Hello I did speak with an attorney and was told IRA's are exempt.
Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Aug 20, 2019

I believe that this question stems from an earlier one about whether you should move money from your bank account to an IRA prior to filing bankruptcy. There is no question that funds held in an IRA are subject to both federal and state exemptions. My point was that the act of converting a... Read more »

View More Answers

2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for North Carolina on
Q: I am considering bankruptcy and have money in the bank , should I move the money to an IRA account prior to filing ?

I am considering bankruptcy next year and have money in the bank , should I move the money to an IRA account prior to filing ? I did speak with an attorney and was told IRA's are exempt.

Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Aug 20, 2019

No, you shouldn't make any moves like this without first consulting a local bankruptcy attorney. Pre-bankruptcy asset planning is tricky and shouldn't be done without a full understanding of the risks. Certain activities including moving money around can be avoided by the trustee and put you in a... Read more »

View More Answers

3 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Georgia on
Q: If you file Chapter 7 bankruptcy but not on your home and land could the courts take your property and home and sell it
Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Aug 15, 2019

In bankruptcy, you get to retain any assets which are covered by state and federal exemptions. The key to determining whether your home will be safe in bankruptcy is determining how much equity you have in your home (the home's value less any mortgages, liens, etc.) and how much equity your state's... Read more »

View More Answers

2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Tennessee on
Q: I had a chapter 7 discharge three years ago. I’m currently in a chapter 13 plan.

I’m having health issues that may cause me to have to quit my job and start disability. This would make it impossible for me to pay my chapter 13 plan and afford to live. Would I be eligible for some type of hardship discharge even though it’s only been 3 years since my chapter 7 discharge if I... Read more »

Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Jul 29, 2019

The relevant dates are the filing dates of your two cases. If your 13 was filled it least 4 years after your 7 was filed, you might be able to get a hardship discharge in the current case. If your 13 was filed within 4 years of the Ch. 7 filing, you won't get a discharge in this case.

Talk...
Read more »

View More Answers

4 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy and Small Claims for Ohio on
Q: Are you legally required to continue paying charges on a credit card if the cardholder files bankruptcy?

I am not a joint card holder. My name is no where on the account. They just helped me out when I was having money issues and I agreed to pay a monthly amount until the balance was paid off. Now, there is no balance and they keep taking my money even though they no longer owe the amount.

Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Jul 25, 2019

I'm sorry, your question it's a little vague so this might not be what you're asking. If you're a joint account holder on the card, your liability isn't discharged by your co-debtor's bankruptcy. This means that they can come after you if you stop paying.

View More Answers

2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Wisconsin on
Q: My father was approved for a mortgage but must pay a credit card filled under bankruptcy as closing costs. Is this legal
Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Jul 18, 2019

I suspect that they want the credit card paid because it's showing an outstanding balance. Your father may want to consider figuring out which credit report is still showing the outstanding balance and file a dispute so the card shows as discharged in bankruptcy. Once the balance is resolved, the... Read more »

View More Answers

4 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy, Foreclosure and Probate for New Jersey on
Q: What can I do to stop foreclosure on the house and settle parents' estates w/o taking on responsibility for their debts

that could potentially affect my credit. Both parents died in 2017 with NO wills. They both have massive amounts of medical debt and there is a mortgage on the home. I'd prefer not to move from the home and am named as an heir by the mortgage company (and named resident) and am contemplating... Read more »

Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Jul 16, 2019

I strongly suggest you speak with an experienced probate lawyer in your area. While you can pay the mortgage and get it caught up to avoid the foreclosure, the bigger issue is the question of how you get this home in your name. You'll have to administer your parents' estates to make this happen,... Read more »

View More Answers

3 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Kentucky on
Q: I am having problems with bank about a past bankruptcy

I filed chapter 7 in 2008

My lawyer was supposed to remove my car off of it. I refinanced car right after bankruptcy. In 2011 I got beside on payments. Then the bank comes back and said I filed bankruptcy on it so I gave it back to them. A few months ago the sent me a letter saying they... Read more »

Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Jul 8, 2019

Please correct me if I've misunderstood, but in your question you indicated that you filed bankruptcy in 2008, but then refinanced the car in 2011. If the refinance took place after the bankruptcy, that's new debt which isn't included in the 2008 case. As such the creditors are within their rights... Read more »

View More Answers

3 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Georgia on
Q: i owe twice the amount the car is worth i cant keep up with payments, not had a whole yr. got screwed Bankruptcy?

i am 36 yr old woman went to carlot alone & got talked into getting a car thats worth 10,000 for 18,000. i havent had the car 7mo dont wont to buy do i need to file bankruptcy or am i stuck or what?

Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Jul 8, 2019

A bankruptcy can be a useful tool in this situation. You could discharge the debt in a Chapter 7 bankruptcy and surrender the car. Alternatively, you might be able to get a redemption loan to pay off the vehicle through the bankruptcy for its fair market value. Talk to a local bankruptcy attorney... Read more »

View More Answers

4 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy and Divorce for Ohio on
Q: Do I have to have a finalized divorce before I can file bankruptcy?

I am still legally married. We have lived separately for well over 4 years. I would like to file bankruptcy. I've been told that in order to do so that we both would have to file. He doesn't want to. I need an idea of where to start. Should I start the divorce first or is there a way to do the... Read more »

Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Jul 3, 2019

There's no reason your spouse needs to file bankruptcy with you. Even if you were living together, you could file bankruptcy without him.

As to the question of whether you should file the bankruptcy before or after the divorce, opinions vary and you'll want to talk to a local divorce lawyer...
Read more »

View More Answers

3 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Florida on
Q: Wife recently bought house in FL, I'm not on mortgage but only deed. If I file chapter 7 bk, will house be a part of bk?

All our finances/debt are separate and the home loan is solely in her name (I'm only on the deed of trust). I have a large amount of debt that I can't pay on my own and can't barely manage with both our incomes. All un-secured debt (no car loans, installment loans, etc...). Wanting to know if... Read more »

Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Jun 27, 2019

A full answer is beyond the scope of a forum such as this, but the underlying concern is whether there's any non-exempt equity in the home for the bankruptcy trustee to pursue. Florida has a very generous homestead exemption that, should it apply, would likely fully protect the home. I suspect that... Read more »

View More Answers

2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Tennessee on
Q: In a Chap 13 for TN when losing a rental property I own, do I only lose the house or can the bank claim full value?

I own home that turned into a rental 3 years ago but reside in CA. Need to understand TN rules for what the bank can do when the Chap 13 is filed. I heard some states the bank can request the full value of the home in the filings.

Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Jun 27, 2019

When you file a Chapter 13 bankruptcy, you get to keep your assets and pay your debts to the best of your ability. Bankruptcy exemptions shelter the value of much of your property, but your creditors have the right to get paid the value of your non-exempt property.

There are complex rules...
Read more »

View More Answers

2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Indiana on
Q: I filed bankruptcy 2 years ago, chapter 7, can I file again?

I have heard you can file but not be discharged for x amount of years is this true? And if so does it keep creditors at bay.

Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Jun 27, 2019

You can't file a Chapter 7 however, you can file a Chapter 13. This will be a glorified repayment plan because you're not eligible for a discharge unless 4 years have passed between the filing of the 7 and the 13, but it will keep your creditors off your back.

View More Answers

2 Answers | Asked in Bankruptcy for Nevada on
Q: Can you file a chapter 13 Four months after you get a standard discharge from a chapter 7.
Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Jun 21, 2019

While you can file a Chapter 13 immediately after a Chapter 7, you're not eligible for a discharge of debts unless 4 years have passed between the filing of the 7 and the filing of the 13. A 13 filed within 4 years of a 7 would simply provide for the repayment of debts without a discharge of the... Read more »

View More Answers

1 Answer | Asked in Bankruptcy for Nevada on
Q: If you file a chapter 7 and get a standard discharge. Can you file a chapter 13 Four months later?

I filed a chapter 7 on 5/03 and received a standard discharge on 10/03. Then I filed a chapter 13 on 2/04 and it was dismissed on 7/04. filed another 13, 8/04 and it was dismissed 2/05. I didn't really file the two chapter 13 but it shows I did but I know who did. My question is this possible?... Read more »

Clark Dray
Clark Dray answered on Jun 21, 2019

While you can file a Chapter 13 immediately after a Chapter 7, you're not eligible for a discharge of debts unless 4 years have passed between filings. Because the two Chapter 13 cases were dismissed, they're not especially relevant from as legal standpoint. However, if you file multiple cases a... Read more »

Justia Ask a Lawyer is a forum for consumers to get answers to basic legal questions. Any information sent through Justia Ask a Lawyer is not secure and is done so on a non-confidential basis only.

The use of this website to ask questions or receive answers does not create an attorney–client relationship between you and Justia, or between you and any attorney who receives your information or responds to your questions, nor is it intended to create such a relationship. Additionally, no responses on this forum constitute legal advice, which must be tailored to the specific circumstances of each case. You should not act upon information provided in Justia Ask a Lawyer without seeking professional counsel from an attorney admitted or authorized to practice in your jurisdiction. Justia assumes no responsibility to any person who relies on information contained on or received through this site and disclaims all liability in respect to such information.

Justia cannot guarantee that the information on this website (including any legal information provided by an attorney through this service) is accurate, complete, or up-to-date. While we intend to make every attempt to keep the information on this site current, the owners of and contributors to this site make no claims, promises or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of the information contained in or linked to from this site.