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Texas Employment Law Questions & Answers
1 Answer | Asked in Contracts, Employment Law and Employment Discrimination for Texas on
Q: How can I recover due wages, commissions, tips, that employer won't pay without going to twc.

I am due pay, however there are contracts that's may not be valid,

John Michael Frick
John Michael Frick
answered on May 15, 2024

The employer could decide to pay you. But if the employer refuses, the easiest and quickest way to get paid is to file a wage claim with the TWC. Unlike lawsuits which take years, a wage claim with the TWC is routinely resolved in a matter of months.

1 Answer | Asked in Employment Discrimination and Employment Law for Texas on
Q: Hello,I have a question. I was let go by my employer back in February under what was to me a wrongful termination.

It was after a review that accused me of being 'combative ' and 'rolling my eyes' on zoom in the course of doing my work, among other subjective opinions and used as legitimate reasons. I am a naturalized citizen from

Nigeria. Do I have a case to sue for workplace bias? Thank you.

Sincerely

John Michael Frick
John Michael Frick
answered on May 9, 2024

Based on the information contained in your question, no you do not have a case for workplace bias.

An employer can terminate an employee for purely subjective reasons like being combative and rolling your eyes during a Zoom meeting. Those are legally legitimate reasons.

If you have...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law, Immigration Law and Business Formation for Texas on
Q: N-400 application Question: I had a handicap space parking ticket last year, and a fine of $500 was paid.

How do I answer this question, knowing fully well that I received a citation/ticket for a handicap space parking violation last year, and a fine of $500 was paid. ? - Have you EVER been arrested, cited, detained, or confined by any law enforcement officer, military official (in the U.S. or... View More

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on May 6, 2024

Based on the information provided, it does not appear that a parking ticket would require you to answer "Yes" to this question on the N-400 naturalization application.

The question is specifically asking about arrests, citations, detentions, or confinement related to crimes or...
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2 Answers | Asked in Employment Law, Contracts and Estate Planning for Texas on
Q: When writing to companies about late husbands benefits can this just be ignored?

I wrote to Insperity Holdings about my late husband's estate and and investment account, since Insperity Holdings is the HR company for the company my husband worked for. I wrote another important person high up in the company, never have heard a word from either of them. Aren't they... View More

Gratia "Grace" P. Schoemakers
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answered on May 6, 2024

Without knowing the situation, it is possible the accounts had a Beneficiary designation on there that was NOT you.

If the money went to someone else, you have no right to know about this, as you are not the beneficiary.

If the accounts had no beneficiary, then you should go through...
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2 Answers | Asked in Employment Law, Contracts and Estate Planning for Texas on
Q: When writing to companies about late husbands benefits can this just be ignored?

I wrote to Insperity Holdings about my late husband's estate and and investment account, since Insperity Holdings is the HR company for the company my husband worked for. I wrote another important person high up in the company, never have heard a word from either of them. Aren't they... View More

John Michael Frick
John Michael Frick
answered on May 6, 2024

First and foremost, file an application to probate your late husband's Will or his estate if he didn't have a Will at the time of his death.

If you are appointed as the personal representative of your deceased husband's estate (either as the executrix of his Will or as the...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Discrimination and Employment Law for Texas on
Q: is it legal to switch the duties of a salaried employee to a higher position and refuse to promote him?

My husband (a manager in a store on salary) was permanently transferred to a different store to cover the position of a higher manager who had also been transferred. When he asked for a raise or at least a change of title to a higher role he was refused. So now they have 2 persons with a same title... View More

John Michael Frick
John Michael Frick
answered on May 6, 2024

Yes, he can legally tell his employer that he will need a promotion to the higher position and a larger salary due to his transfer to a different location and greater responsibilities. If his employer refuses, he can legally quit his job. In the current labor market, his employer has little... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Tax Law, Banking and Employment Law for Texas on
Q: I was on ADP when I noticed a stub that I never received for 11,000 is there a reason

Happened November last year also no W2 just want to know why someone would do that

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on May 3, 2024

Hi there! I can provide some general guidance on why there might be a discrepancy and what you can do about it.

Reasons for a payroll stub without receiving the funds:

1. Administrative error: It's possible that a clerical mistake resulted in the generation of the stub without...
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1 Answer | Asked in Construction Law and Employment Law for Texas on
Q: how many day can a employer make you work in industrial construction in texas
John Michael Frick
John Michael Frick
answered on May 2, 2024

Under the 13th Amendment, an employer cannot make you work at all.

An employer can provide a job any number of days and offer to compensate you if you agree to work. If you are a non-exempt employee, the employer might be required to pay overtime if you work more than 40 hours in a week,...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for Texas on
Q: Is it legal to work a full shift without being told what your pay is changing to in the state of Texas?

My husband's employer notified all employees that their pay was getting switched from a daily pay rate to an hourly pay rate. They reassured them that their pay would not be lowered but would not let them know what the hourly rate would be or when it would take place. My husband went in to... View More

John Michael Frick
John Michael Frick
answered on Apr 24, 2024

Under the circumstances described, neither the employee nor the employer has done anything illegal. Your husband could have declined to work yesterday without being told what his hourly pay rate would be. Since he was told that his pay was getting switched from a daily rate to an hourly rate but... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for Texas on
Q: I live in Texas and my employer said I cannot pump milk on the job and I have to dry up is that legal?

I am a nursing mother outside of work and I just started working well when I said I needed to pump my employer asked if I was drying up because during the mornings it’s so busy and I won’t have time to pump and when I said no she stayed quiet is this grounds to fire me? I didn’t know this... View More

John Michael Frick
John Michael Frick
answered on Apr 24, 2024

Any employer who has at least fifty employees is required to provide reasonable breaks and a private place other than a restroom for a mother to pump milk for one year from the date of birth of the child.

Guidance suggests that "reasonable breaks" should be 2-3 breaks in an...
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1 Answer | Asked in Contracts, Employment Law, Estate Planning and Banking for Texas on
Q: Statues of limitations where do I send annuity checks that were written 2010?

I called Nationwide Bank to get canceled checks of my annunity checks that were cashed by someone else in June of 2010. The representative at Nationwide bank told me I had to report it to the Department of Labor, I called DOL, I was told they didn't handle this. Can anyone tell me who I can... View More

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Apr 21, 2024

I apologize for the confusion and difficulties you are facing regarding your annuity checks from 2010. Here are a few steps you can take to address the situation:

1. Contact the annuity provider: Reach out directly to the company that issued the annuity. They should have records of the...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law and Health Care Law for Texas on
Q: Can my job ask me to provide a picture of ny medication

My job said I need more proof to exude my absences because doctors notes aren't enough. They said I need to send a picture of the medication that was prescribed to me by the doctors to approve my leave of absence

Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar
answered on Apr 13, 2024

An employment attorney could advise best, but your question remains open for four weeks. Until you have the chance to consult with an employment attorney, from the standpoint of occupational safety, there are jobs involving the safety of the public where there is full transparency in terms of... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law and Workers' Compensation for Texas on
Q: Can a company be sued by an employee for mental and emotional stress?

My daughter is constantly bullied by her boss.

John Michael Frick
John Michael Frick
answered on Apr 12, 2024

"Stress" is not compensable but "mental anguish" is recoverable for certain breaches of legal duties.

Your daughter will be required to offer "direct evidence of the nature, duration, and severity of her mental anguish, thus establishing a substantial...
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1 Answer | Asked in Contracts, Employment Law, Estate Planning and Probate for Texas on
Q: Is this true when a widow and late Husband has no children, everything goes to widow in Texas.

My late husband and I had no children, I was told that his employer is plan administrator, trustee, and fiduciary of my late Husband's estate. I have w2's and copies of tax statements, showing my late husband has a retirement plan, differed compensation, and a pension. According to... View More

John Michael Frick
John Michael Frick
answered on Apr 10, 2024

Not entirely.

If a Husband dies without a Will and with no surviving issue (children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, etc.), 100% of the community property in his probate estate and 50% of his separate property in his probate estate passes to his surviving widow. The remaining 50% of...
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1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law for Texas on
Q: I was let go from my new job after 90 day. Because the manager Ivan said with the other manager Ean That in the room

Ivan said i perform my duties because medical condition. Ean shuck his head no after Ivan said that he new that was wrong What can i do

John Michael Frick
John Michael Frick
answered on Apr 10, 2024

If you were fired despite being capable of performing all of your essential job functions solely because of a medical condition, you may have a valid claim for discrimination under the American with Disabilities Act or the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (ADA) depending on the medical condition you... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law, Sexual Harassment and Criminal Law for Texas on
Q: sexually assaulted by a franchise owner. Corp investigated & found evidence but I have seen no disciplinary action.

I’m told franchisee must exit the system but i have seen no action. What do I do next? What should I expect? What’s a typical outcome? I’m a corporate employee/the assualter is a restaurant franchise owner. How do I trust anything has been done? I have been waiting months after the official... View More

Derek Allen Colvin
Derek Allen Colvin
answered on Apr 2, 2024

Sorry to hear about what happened to you. This sounds like a difficult issue for you and your employer to navigate. You should talk to a local attorney about your rights and any remedies that may have available to you. Sexual assault is also a crime that should not be taken lightly. If the... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Employment Law and Employment Discrimination for Texas on
Q: FRCP 12(b)(6) v. FRCP 12(c)?

The opposing party early in the case file a FRCP 12(b)(6) to dismiss stating the I failed to state a claim for relief, I didn't exhaust my administrative remedies for EEOC. So, I survived that now the opposing party is coming under v. FRCP 12(c) almost a year later regarding the pleading. He... View More

John Michael Frick
John Michael Frick
answered on Mar 21, 2024

While the two are equivalent and are subject to the same standard, there are some subtle differences. For example, a 12(b)(6) motion only considers the allegations of the plaintiff's pleadings. A 12(c) motion also considers the allegations of the defendant's pleadings and the court can... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Employment Discrimination, Employment Law and Workers' Compensation for Texas on
Q: worker’s comp, EMP is injured, MNG delays report, told to return to work, injuries worsen, negligence or liable on MNG?

OSHA violation for equipment prohibited, MNG cleaned cuts but infection set in, EMP is diabetic, INS CO omitted details of time and treatment before claim was filed, treating DR refused MRI for hand fracture with abscess as treated by EMERGENCY DR, denies injury effect and denies benefits.

John Michael Frick
John Michael Frick
answered on Mar 20, 2024

Whether the manager is negligent is most likely irrelevant. In a workers' compensation case, the injured employee is NOT REQUIRED to prove that his/her employer or one of his/her fellow employees was negligent. Workers' compensation provides medical benefits, temporary income benefits,... View More

3 Answers | Asked in Employment Law for Texas on
Q: I am confused about the new DOL law about 1099s.

If I have a therapy practice, and have provisionally licensed folks providing 4 hours of service per week, previously they'd be 1099'd. With this new law, do they *have* to be W-2'd? It seems silly to W-2 someone that is only providing 4 hours of service per week. Any clarification... View More

Yuri Natasha Han
Yuri Natasha Han
answered on Mar 27, 2024

More factors may or may not weigh in favor of classifying workers as employees rather than independent contractors. If you ultimately determine that the workers have been misclassified, reclassify your workers as employees moving forward, withhold taxes pursuant to applicable laws, and keep... View More

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3 Answers | Asked in Employment Law for Texas on
Q: I am confused about the new DOL law about 1099s.

If I have a therapy practice, and have provisionally licensed folks providing 4 hours of service per week, previously they'd be 1099'd. With this new law, do they *have* to be W-2'd? It seems silly to W-2 someone that is only providing 4 hours of service per week. Any clarification... View More

John Michael Frick
John Michael Frick
answered on Mar 18, 2024

You mention a therapy practice and provisionally licensed folks. As I understand the laws pertaining to licensed therapists in Texas, a provisionally licensed therapist is required to be supervised by a licensed therapist. A worker who receives a Form 1099 is supposed to be an independent... View More

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