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International Law Questions & Answers
1 Answer | Asked in Immigration Law, Appeals / Appellate Law, Civil Rights and International Law for Washington on
Q: What would I do if I believe this page is endangering my father's life

I believe this article to be neglegant endangerment. Who can I reach out to.

Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar answered on Sep 16, 2020

A Washington attorney could answer best, but your question remains open for three weeks. You could reach out to the publisher and ask them to take the page down while expressing your concerns. If that doesn't work, you could reach out to an attorney for a consult to explore options. You could... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Consumer Law, Communications Law, International Law and Internet Law for California on
Q: Is someone allowed to be recorded without consent in a Discord Server (an internet chat forum) Under CA penal Code 632?

Discord is an online chat space for people who are playing video games. It is privately owned, and has it's own terms of service. Discord itself has a rule about following California's law. However, there is an argument that the chat service is a public space seeing as anyone on the... Read more »

William John Light
William John Light answered on Sep 11, 2020

Section 632 applies to recording of "confidential communications" which are carried on by means of a telegraph, telephone or other device, which seems to cover everything. However, 632.5 through 632.7 were added in 1968 to include cellular radio telephones and cordless telephones. If... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in International Law for Texas on
Q: Is there a more recent system to collect international crime data?
Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar answered on Sep 7, 2020

You could contact Interpol (International Criminal Police Organization) to check if they maintain resources - or whether they could direct you to other entities that do. They have 194 member countries and they share data on crime. Good luck

Tim Akpinar

Q: What type of lawyer(s) do I need?

Hello there,

I am designing a skin product which will require taking sand/minerals from overseas beaches and bringing it into Australia. My lawyer will also need extensive knowledge of product/testing laws. What type of lawyer(s) do I need?

Thank you kindly.

Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar answered on Sep 1, 2020

You might want to speak to several different types of lawyers. If you intent to operate as an entity other than a sole individual, you could speak to a business formation attorney as to what types of corporate structures are available. You could look into what types of attorneys handle legal issues... Read more »

4 Answers | Asked in Immigration Law, Adoption and International Law for Kentucky on
Q: I'm engaged to an Ukrainian and am trying to figure out how to get her Green Card after we marry.

The marriage will take place in Ukraine. We anticipate this to be early next year. She also has two children under the age of 18 that I eventually would be adopting.

Adan Vega
Adan Vega answered on Aug 20, 2020

If you are a U.S. citizen you can file the FORM I-129F and request the K-1 on behalf of your fiancee. The two children will be eligible to apply for the K-2 visa.

If you marry abroad, you will have to file the FORM I-130 with USCIS for each of them.

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1 Answer | Asked in International Law and Municipal Law on
Q: Can I find the considerations and analysis public officials did before creating or modifying a law?

What factors did they take into consideration and the effects the law would have on the population or intended target.

I mean actually seeing the information o a law by law (including changes) basis.

Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar answered on Aug 15, 2020

If you are a student and are doing this as research, you could look into the lawmaking process on various different levels. On the federal level, you could look at the process of how legislation is created - how a bill is introduced, assigned to committees, debated on the floor, and how it could... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Business Formation, Business Law, Contracts and International Law for Texas on
Q: Can I hire international contractors for video content creation for my online only business?

I want to start an online yoga studio that provides live classes and video library of the recorded live classes. For this, I plan on working with yoga teachers from around the world.

My question is, can I form my business as an LLC and hire them as independent contractors to provide me... Read more »

Jane Kim
Jane Kim answered on Aug 7, 2020


A business can tap into sub-contractors' labor and may solely rely on sub-contractors. It signifies that you do not have much control over their work. A good overview of what factors would be considered an independent contractor v. employee can be found here-...
Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Immigration Law, Domestic Violence, International Law and Juvenile Law on
Q: Does a 3 year old boy require a passport to re-enter Canada from the US?

His mother is a Canadian citizen and it's my understanding that he is too because of her citizenship (though confirmation would be great). That said, he was born in the US. They are located currently in Oregon and will be coming home to Toronto to get out of an abusive situation.

His... Read more »

David Luther Woodward
David Luther Woodward answered on Aug 4, 2020

To be on the safe side there is only one place to definitive answer The Canadian Consular office nearest to their location. That can be Googled.

The worst thing you can do is show up at the border and not know what the rules are.

1 Answer | Asked in International Law on
Q: What are some laws similar to FOIA? In the USA or Europe.

By similar, I mean that any citizen can take advantage of it.

Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar answered on Aug 3, 2020

There are also state laws governing freedom of information. And internationally, different nations have their own laws. Here's a link that might be a starting point if you're interested in researching the matter on a nation-by-nation basis:... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in International Law and Small Claims for California on
Q: item damaged sent back the lieing dont want to refund me i have solid facts annd proof of them lie after li

banggoods online shopping confirmed they got the retuen package, stared saying "we didnt te;ll you to send it back" lies, i have proof coped return labels etc.. just the most childish lies refusing to refund me im guessing lost the item perhaps and being stuborn... communist cover up... Read more »

Maurice Mandel II
Maurice Mandel II answered on Jul 30, 2020

Sorry to hear you have this problem. Try to cancel your payment, if by credit card, file a dispute. A 15 second google search gave me this: Banggood has a consumer rating of 1.72 stars from 2,015 reviews indicating that most consumers are generally dissatisfied with their purchases. Banggood also... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Criminal Law, Immigration Law and International Law for California on
Q: My naturalized citizen dad wants to return to the US after fleeing mail fraud charges from the 90s. Will he be detained?

My dad became a naturalized citizen in August of 1996. In July of 1999 he was charged with mail fraud under 18:1341. After fighting it for a while he returned to India without settling the case. The most recent Docket entry shows charges for fleeing and making threatening remarks (18:1073 and 875c)... Read more »

Dale S. Gribow
Dale S. Gribow answered on Jul 23, 2020

more info needed.

chances are that there is still a bench warrant for is arrest in the system and he would be arrested upon trying to enter.

mail fraud is a serious case and I would suspect he would not be released with a low bail or any bail.

since he didn't show once,...
Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Contracts, Immigration Law, Business Law and International Law for Massachusetts on
Q: Would any one have any contact for pro bono lawyers in South Africa (Pretoria) for US citizens

One of my US citizen friends is currently in Pretoria and has urgent legal trouble. He has contacted the US consulate for weeks, which at this time is only overwhelmed and has provided no help. thank you

Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar answered on Jun 22, 2020

There is an organization - Pretoria Society of Advocates. They are known as the Pretoria Bar. They could be a starting point in your friend's search. If they do not know of such attorneys or resources on how to locate them, maybe they could direct your friend to a different bar association or... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in International Law and Internet Law for California on
Q: Internacional Law. Can any legal steps be made in this situation with the company in China?

A week ago I made a purchase of 120 thermometers for my uncle’s clinic in Peru from a company in China. The agent told me the total and arranged the delivery who guaranteed that it would be delivered to the clinic in Peru. A wire transfer was made to their bank in Hong Kong (HSBC) from J.p.... Read more »

Keith Hamilton Fichtelman
Keith Hamilton Fichtelman answered on Jun 17, 2020

There are a few issues here that are going to have a bearing on the answer.

First and foremost, did you have a written contract (even emails back and forth confirming terms) or was this all oral communications? If you have a written contract, those terms would control. Was your contract...
Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Business Law, Contracts and International Law on
Q: What can a company do if it is engaging in international trade for the first time, it has already entered a contract

And the company is not assured that its client will pay for the goods and services what advice can be given to such a company

Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar answered on Jun 17, 2020

Hopefully, the client will performed as agreed upon. However, one option is to review the terms of your contract that govern damages, remedies, and provisions for handling disputes. It could be helpful to do this with an attorney, particularly if there are complex issues involving jurisdiction or... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Copyright, Business Formation, International Law and Trademark on
Q: I want to start my own clothing line ‘Marshall Clothing’ my middle name= ‘Marshall’ Will I get sued by Marshall Amps?

My middle name is Marshall and I want to use it for my clothing brand “Marshall Clothing”

I have checked trademark databases and the phrase ‘Marshall Clothing’ is not registered.

However, I realised that the word ‘Marshall’ is highly associated with the company... Read more »

Evelyn Suero
Evelyn Suero answered on Jun 17, 2020

Whether a proposed trademark is infringing on another mark depends on many factors and is not limited to trademarks that are registered with the USPTO. Generally speaking, before using a trademark you must ensure that the mark is not confusing with another mark that is currently being used in the... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Copyright and International Law for California on
Q: I'm an American but live overseas. I've been threatened with a copyright lawsuit from an Attorney in the USA.

Would they have to serve me here in Germany to proceed, and would I have to go to the States to respond? I have a U.S. business mailing address but am a legal resident of Germany.

The second part of the question is that through my research their 'client' might not actually own the... Read more »

Marcos Garciaacosta
Marcos Garciaacosta answered on Jun 15, 2020

This can be complicated.

In theory they can serve you and you should answer the lawsuit.

You could claim no jurisdiction if you live and work and the infringement happened as result of your actions in Germany.

Talk to an American attorney to understand your options better....
Read more »

2 Answers | Asked in Tax Law, Business Law and International Law for Florida on
Q: My US based company received a payment from a french corporation. The owner of the french corporation is asking a refund

on his personal account which looks like laundering money thing. What is the international law that forbids me to proceed in the repayment of the french corporation into the owner's personal account? Thanks in advance for your prompt answer.

David Luther Woodward
David Luther Woodward answered on Jun 15, 2020

I can think of no "international law" that prohibits you from refunding as directed; however, state and federal statutes against money laundering might well be triggered if this is this person's "modus operandi". Has he requested this method more than once? A pattern is... Read more »

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1 Answer | Asked in Consumer Law, Employment Law, Business Law and International Law for Texas on
Q: I want to use a Lebanese artist to create and sell graphic designs. Am l allowed to hire him? We'd need PayPal.
David Luther Woodward
David Luther Woodward answered on Jun 4, 2020

Where is the artist?

You ask a question that needs more detail.

Are you going to pay hourly? piece work? project work? or whatever.

Where does he work? Do you provide the supplies.

Go see an immigration lawyer and an employment lawyer.

Good Luck


1 Answer | Asked in International Law for Florida on
Q: is their a lawyer that can give advise in international law for trustee law for people on a green card

lets start with the above question please; it is for a friend living in Kissimmee

Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar answered on May 29, 2020

Trustee could be a broad term, depending on context, whether it involves a position's role in a corporation, role overseeing property, or other. If you believe it is in the sense of dealing with an estate, which is a more commonly arising context when it comes to individuals, you could start... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Copyright, Intellectual Property and International Law on
Q: Image infringement. Photos of my face have been used multiply times by amazon for commercial purposes

Without mine or photographer’s knowledge, images have been used for commercial purposes of selling items on amazon. What Kind of action should I take?

Barbara Berschler
Barbara Berschler answered on May 29, 2020

If you are a non-celebrity, you have a right of privacy. (If a celebrity, then you have a right of publicity.) It would be best to work with an attorney familiar with these kinds of actions. Keep in mind that if Amazon is merely the service provider, it would not be liable, unless it knows of the... Read more »

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