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Michigan Constitutional Law Questions & Answers
0 Answers | Asked in Civil Rights, Constitutional Law and Gov & Administrative Law for Michigan on
Q: Can lawmakers pass a law forcing doctors to perform a procedure that is not possible?

I heard that Ohio lawmakers were/are telling doctors to reimplant ectopic pregnancies into the uterus, but doctors are saying that's just not physically possible.

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Rights, Constitutional Law and Criminal Law for Michigan on
Q: can a statement in an interview (at police station)be used against you if your miranda rights were not read.

miranda rights were read after statement was given.

Brent T. Geers
Brent T. Geers
answered on Jun 20, 2022

Yes. Miranda rights apply when there is custody AND interrogation. Often times, police will "invite" you down to the station to talk with them, and will say something to the effect of "you're free to go anytime but we really hope you'll stay because we just want to hear... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Constitutional Law for Michigan on
Q: Are there repercussions for carrying a concealed weapon (with a permit) on private property with no weapons signs in MI?

I have my license for concealed carry in Michigan, and am going to the Kalamazoo museum, where they have a no weapons sign. If I carry anyway, am I opening myself up to legal repercussions? Museums aren’t on the list of banned places in Michigan. Kalamazoo is known for gun violence, especially in... Read more »

Brent T. Geers
Brent T. Geers
answered on May 25, 2022

MCL 28.425o provides a list of prohibited premises. I don't believe the museum could be considered one of those prohibited places. That said, any establishment may set conditions for entry and remaining on the premises. And in the case of a museum where you are effectively provided a license... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Rights and Constitutional Law for Michigan on
Q: What would you categorize invasion of privacy?
Brent T. Geers
Brent T. Geers
answered on Apr 28, 2022

Depends on the facts. Could be civil or criminal

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Litigation, Civil Rights and Constitutional Law for Michigan on
Q: Was I falsely imprisoned? Potentially illegally detained?

Hello, a few years ago I was on probation. An officer came to my home and arrested me on an alleged probation violation. I was taken to the local county jail, processed booked and placed in a holding cell. An hour or less goes by, they come and tell me I'm being released. Someone made a... Read more »

Brent T. Geers
Brent T. Geers
answered on Apr 22, 2022

It doesn't sound like unlawful imprisonment when a probation officer acted under color of law (e.g. alleged probation violation) to arrest you.

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Rights and Constitutional Law for Michigan on
Q: I wanted to know if I can pursue a case if I didn’t file a police report? I got robbed at a club back in December
Brent T. Geers
Brent T. Geers
answered on Apr 20, 2022

You can try....not sure what the police can or will do, and whether the prosecutor will have enough evidence to charge anyone. A defense attorney could eat that up that you waited so long to report.

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Rights and Constitutional Law for Michigan on
Q: Can I sue the police for singling me out and arresting me in 2017 for jaywalking?

I slightly altered from the cross walk and cut the curb but as I was getting accused I pointed out another doing the same. They jailed me for jaywalking but questioned/detained me for suspicion of a drug transaction at the gas station across from where I was stopped

Brent T. Geers
Brent T. Geers
answered on Apr 3, 2022

No. Someone else doing a crime is no defense. If you have concerns about police conduct, you should start by filing a complaint with the arresting department.

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Rights, Constitutional Law and Criminal Law for Michigan on
Q: In Michigan, do police officers have authority to search a locked container in the trunk of my vehicle that son drives?

Suppose my 17/18 year old son is pulled over by a police officer and the officer suspects use/possession of THC or nicotine and asks to search the vehicle. Keep in mind there is a locked container in the trunk of the vehicle.

Scenario 1: my son denies permission for a search. Does the... Read more »

Brent T. Geers
Brent T. Geers
answered on Mar 6, 2022

A proper search is premised on either a warrant exception (e.g., for vehicles, that is usually "plain view"), a warrant with probable cause, or consent. The police are always free to ask for consent to search.

In both your scenarios, I could see the police confiscating the box; I...
Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Rights, Constitutional Law and Criminal Law for Michigan on
Q: In Michigan, do police officers have authority to search a locked container in the trunk of my vehicle?

If consent for a search is denied, but the officer has probable cause, are locked containers in the trunk subject to search? What if the key is not available to unlock the container?

Brent T. Geers
Brent T. Geers
answered on Mar 5, 2022

Search challenges are fact-dependent. No real way to say "yay" or "nay" without seeing the reports and knowing what the container was and what the police had reason to look for.

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Rights, Constitutional Law and Federal Crimes for Michigan on
Q: Can police,courts and prosecutors be charged with violating oath of office and citizens constitutional rights?

Violations of 2nd,4th,6th and 8th under the bill of rights. Illegal search and seizure, destroying evidence, dereliction of duty, excessive force and death threats and much more.

Brent T. Geers
Brent T. Geers
answered on Feb 14, 2022

Police, courts, and prosecutors have various levels of governmental immunity that makes it extremely hard to sue them without a clear and very intentional violation.

2 Answers | Asked in Gov & Administrative Law, Consumer Law, Business Law and Constitutional Law for Michigan on
Q: How can the government claim ownership of confederate gold when it was abandoned or intentionaly hidden by confederacy

If the president of the Confederate Treasure left the gold intentionally would that not legally invoke the finders keepers laws? Who initially owned the confederate gold?

Thomas. R. Morris
Thomas. R. Morris
answered on Feb 11, 2022

The federal Confiscation Act of 1862 would apply to gold owned by the Confederate States of America (which the Act did not recognize as an entity), with the result that the United States would own the gold. This is a hypothetical question because the CSA government probably held no gold at the... Read more »

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1 Answer | Asked in Criminal Law, Civil Rights and Constitutional Law for Michigan on
Q: Is COVID a viable exemption to the right to a speedy trial?

My fiance is in jail in Michigan for a crime committed there. He's in the COVID quarantine pod and has missed his probable cause hearing twice, another man in the pod missed his 5 times, although he's no longer positive for COVID. Is this a violation of his right to a speedy trial?

Brent T. Geers
Brent T. Geers
answered on Jan 27, 2022

No, but there may be other actionable problems here. Generally, there is a right to have the actual preliminary examine within 21 days of arraignment unless waived, or upon "good cause" by the court.

1 Answer | Asked in Criminal Law, Civil Rights, Constitutional Law and Health Care Law for Michigan on
Q: Are there lawyers that still believe in the oath they swore to defend people in the court of law

I don't know much about laws and court but I do know right from wrong I need help

Brent T. Geers
Brent T. Geers
answered on Dec 10, 2021

When a lawyer is in good standing, they deserve to be presumed to be zealous advocates for their client. What clients sometimes don't realize is that defending people does not include advancing unfounded theories, whether grounded in fact or law, or presenting false facts or statements. A... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Family Law, Appeals / Appellate Law, Civil Rights and Constitutional Law for Michigan on
Q: ex parte signed no due process objection denied no ev. hearing supv. visits still 5 yrs later no reason said he meets

no factors has a criminal history I was shown to be unfit, unwilling, or unable. no evidence of abuse or neglect. I have all proof but never got to show because I NEVER got my hearing my daughter is being neglected educ,med,emoti, and emotional and psych abuse by alienating me almost to... Read more »

Brent T. Geers
Brent T. Geers
answered on Nov 21, 2021

You need to focus your arguments on what is happening now; not what happened or didn't happen five years ago. Perhaps the first step should be filing a motion to change parenting time. Your argument isn't whether supervised parenting time should have ever been in place, but that you no... Read more »

2 Answers | Asked in Civil Litigation and Constitutional Law for Michigan on
Q: Im looking to become a police officer. I passed both exams, when it was time for me to apply for a position I got denied

I do have a past domestic charge that I Pled guilty too but if I was to get that expunged, would that help me get into the public service field?

Brent T. Geers
Brent T. Geers
answered on Oct 21, 2021

Not necessarily. Police departments do a more comprehensive background check than most employers. A domestic violence charge - regardless of underlying facts - is going to be highly scrutinized by any law enforcement agency. Not saying you can't become a police officer, but you need to be... Read more »

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1 Answer | Asked in Criminal Law and Constitutional Law for Michigan on
Q: i was stopped for alleged speeding 48 in a 35. was told if everything checked out i would recieve a verbal warning.

he gave me a verbal warning then said his dog hit on my truck which i did not consent to but i know he did not call us in cause my plates were 2 months expired not to mention when he ran mine and my wifes license he said we were clear in michigan not knowing my wife had a wisconsin dl. an empty... Read more »

Brent T. Geers
Brent T. Geers
answered on Aug 30, 2021

You need a criminal defense attorney now. These situations are fact dependent. It sounds like there was a valid stop. An attorney might want to know how long you were stopped before the dog came out. And there are some interesting cases regarding what can happen when a dog "hits" on a... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Rights and Constitutional Law for Michigan on
Q: Act 451 of 1976 Sec 1307b subset (H) Any Restraint the negatively impacts breathing. Can we opt out of mask wearing?

I'm concerned for my son wearing a mask 8 hours a day in school (the currently requirement) Can we opt out of mask wearing and be protected under this law?

Brent T. Geers
Brent T. Geers
answered on Aug 26, 2021

No. That statute applies to school personnel and what can be done to students within the school. School officials have an obligation to follow applicable laws. The mask mandate comes from county health departments. School officials must follow those orders, and they would be acting under color of... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Criminal Law, Federal Crimes, Communications Law and Constitutional Law for Michigan on
Q: Is it always a federal crime to threaten someone online or through phone, even if the person or thing being threatened

is in the same state as the threatener? Is this because Congress has the power to regulate interstate commerce and make laws pertaining to the foregoing power and phones and the internet are considered to be interstate commerce?

Brent T. Geers
Brent T. Geers
answered on Aug 10, 2021

Bingo! phone lines and internet connections are matters of interstate commerce. But it is not always charged as a federal crime; more often than not, it would be a state-level charge.

1 Answer | Asked in Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Federal Crimes and Civil Rights for Michigan on
Q: Where does Congress get its constitutional authority to pass federal criminal and civil laws? Congress has the enumerate

authority to pass criminal laws when crimes happen on federal territory, on the high seas, relating to piracy, and in the military. Most say Congress can make criminal and civil laws using Clause 3 of Article I Section 8 of the Constitution (regulating interstate commerce), but isn't the... Read more »

Brent T. Geers
Brent T. Geers
answered on Jun 29, 2021

Good questions. Federal crimes are connected to interstate commerce. Commonly, federal criminal cases involve multiple defendants in multiple states. Guns used in crime came from somewhere, and usually not from the state where the crime occurred. For example, a gun may have been stolen from someone... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Criminal Law, Constitutional Law and Federal Crimes for Michigan on
Q: Let's say a person from Michigan has beef with a person from Ohio. The person from Michigan gets in their car and drives

to Ohio and kills the person they have beef with. Is that considered federal felony murder because they crossed state lines to kill a person in another state? Will the murderer be charged with federal murder, Michigan state murder, and Ohio state murder? Also, are the US Codes all the laws... Read more »

Brent T. Geers
Brent T. Geers
answered on Jun 28, 2021

Not necessarily. Federal criminal law is concerned with interstate commerce. Under your fact scenario, the person would be charged with murder in the state the murder happened: Ohio. Note that Ohio has the death penalty, unlike Michigan.

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