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Virginia Contracts Questions & Answers
1 Answer | Asked in Consumer Law, Contracts and Copyright for Virginia on
Q: jewelry store knowingly sold me a fake rolex.

Purchased a preowned Rolex from an established online jewelry store. What are my rights?

Steven Krieger
Steven Krieger answered on Oct 6, 2020

You could sue them for a violation of the VA Consumer Protection Act, but you'd need to have someone testify that the watch is a fake. You'd be able to recover the amount you paid, reasonable attorney's fees, and possibly treble damages if you can prove that the store knew the watch... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Contracts, Estate Planning and Probate for Virginia on
Q: In VA: can the deceased's lawfirm file a change of address for the deceased w/o notifying next of kin?
Ross Cameron Hart
Ross Cameron Hart answered on Oct 4, 2020

It is impossible to answer a bare question such as you posted without any context - is the firm the executor of the estate or do they represent the executor? If so, then yes they can.

1 Answer | Asked in Consumer Law, Contracts, Real Estate Law and Civil Litigation for Virginia on
Q: I move out of my unit on 10/18 and my lease ends on 10/31. Do I have to allow access to paint the unit before 10/31?

The owner would not prorate my rent and said it's mine until 10/31. So I said that's fine then I won't return the keys until 10/31, but the owner also wants to paint the unit before 10/31. I know I have to allow the access for showings and maintenance, but do I have to allow painters... Read more »

F. Paul Maloof
F. Paul Maloof answered on Oct 1, 2020

The answer to your question should be expressed in your lease. Generally in Virginia, a residential lease permits the landlord to have workers, such as painters, access the premises on 24 hour notice to the tenant and for reasonable reasons. It seems that painting the premises would be considered a... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Contracts, Business Formation and Small Claims for Virginia on
Q: Hi..i am in VA. made a payment 2 days late. Can any type of late fee be imposed?

I let the company know VA has 10 day grace period. They changed the 'late fee' wording to 'payroll system fee'.

Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar answered on Sep 17, 2020

A Virginia attorney could advise best, but your question remains open for three weeks. As a general matter, it could depend on the company's terms, and whether their revision is merely a change of terminology for the same thing. The most economical and reliable way to find out could be to... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Contracts, Foreclosure and Real Estate Law for Virginia on
Q: Statute of Limitations on enforcing Virginia deed that was accelerated, and 2 owners dying. 5 years + 2 years?

This is a Virginia reverse mortgage deed of trust that was accelerated when last owner died. Then subsequent owner who inherited died later as well. Due to acceleration, is the 5 or 6 year contract SOL valid, plus adding a year for each death of owner? Finally, does a Lis Pendens stop or affect... Read more »

Richard Sternberg
Richard Sternberg answered on Sep 15, 2020

You should probably read:

§ 8.01-236. Limitation of entry on or action for land.

No person shall make an entry on, or bring an action to recover, any land unless within fifteen years next after the time at which the right to make such entry or bring such action shall have first...
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1 Answer | Asked in Contracts and Real Estate Law for Virginia on
Q: Can the developer institute an HOA fee without having an HOA? He owns 2/3's of the development.

Developer owns a majority of the development but wants to start charging an HOA fee, without having an HOA committee of homeowners. It seems as if he wants our money but wants to retain the decision making. Also, if he charges a monthly fee for HOA, should he be paying for his lots?

Elizabeth Crego
Elizabeth Crego answered on Sep 9, 2020

A planned unit development is usually regulated by a Master Deed or Declaration, which would show whether there is an HOA attached to the development, whether assessments can be charged, and how the amount of assessments is determined. You would need to look at that information, which is recorded... Read more »

2 Answers | Asked in Contracts and Landlord - Tenant for Virginia on
Q: Landlord is selling house 1 month into year-long lease due to city zoning issues. Not letting us out of lease. Recourse?

One month into our lease, my two siblings and I (all college students) have been notified that the landlord is going to sell the house. Classes started today (8/24) and if we need to move we ought to move now before the house sells at some point in the semester. We were told if we did that we would... Read more »

F. Paul Maloof
F. Paul Maloof answered on Aug 24, 2020

Generally under Virginia law, the purchaser/new owner is bound by the terms and conditions of an existing lease between the current tenant and the landlord/selling owner. The purchaser/new owner must assume the obligations and rights as stated in the existing lease with the tenant.

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1 Answer | Asked in Contracts, Family Law and Collections for Virginia on
Q: VA law on oral agreements. My ex husband and I orally agreed to pay a loan for our son's college. After my ex paid a few

payments to me by check, he stopped paying. I continued to pay my share and his share. Can I sue him for the amount he was supposed to pay, but did not? Thanks, Cathleen

Thank you for your reply. I don't understand the cited text from the statute. If my ex and I agreed to pay for our... Read more »

James H. Wilson Jr.
James H. Wilson Jr. answered on Aug 17, 2020

Parents in Virginia have no legal obligation to support their capable, able-bodied adult children. However, the parents of a child may create a binding legal obligation to pay for their child's college education. Virginia Code Section 20-155 validates marital agreements provided they are in... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Contracts, Civil Litigation and Small Claims for Virginia on
Q: Can you sue someone for saying they would pay something off for you?

My now ex boyfriend agreed for me to purchase a laptop for school and agreed he would make the monthly payments. Now that we aren’t together he tells me he’s not going to pay it . It is now going to affect my credit because I can’t afford to pay it since I’m not working. The total amount is... Read more »

F. Paul Maloof
F. Paul Maloof answered on Aug 16, 2020

Given this was an oral agreement, and you claim it was breached for nonpayment, you can bring a Warrant in Debt in General District Court in the jurisdiction (county/city) where the agreement was reached. Since the amount is less than $5,000.00, this is a small claims court case in which no lawyers... Read more »

2 Answers | Asked in Contracts, Real Estate Law and Landlord - Tenant for Virginia on
Q: I want to sell my house, I moved a renter in with annual lease in April, want to know if I have to wait for lease to end

There are issues with the house and I really can't afford to fix house, renter is giving me hard time and I prefer to sell house as is and just move on but tenant is stating she will not leave until lease is up

F. Paul Maloof
F. Paul Maloof answered on Aug 14, 2020

If the landlord and the tenant cannot reach a mutual agreement in writing to end the lease, then the lease remains in full force and effect until the end of the Lease Term.

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1 Answer | Asked in Civil Litigation and Contracts for Virginia on
Q: What is the statute of limitations on a settlement agreement as a result of a warrant in debt in Virginia?

I was sued almost 20 years ago for damages related to an auto accident. I made a settlement agreement with them in court, made large initial payment, and had to make payments over time, but I lost the paperwork and forgot about it after a few years. It's now been about 18 years since a payment... Read more »

F. Paul Maloof
F. Paul Maloof answered on Aug 13, 2020

In Virginia, the statute of limitations on a written agreement is 5 years and 3 years on an oral agreement.

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Litigation, Contracts, Real Estate Law and Animal / Dog Law for Virginia on
Q: Does a lease voids when the home is sold in VA? I signed the lease in 2007 and it stated nothing about not having pets

On the bottom of each page on the lease states this contract is for use by ___. Use by any other party is illegal and voids the contract. So can the new landlord put an X where the pets section is without us both signing? Is this contract valid? Is my landlord in the wrong for threatening me about... Read more »

F. Paul Maloof
F. Paul Maloof answered on Aug 11, 2020

Generally in Virginia, when there is an existing lease in place and the owner/landlord sells the premises to a buyer, the lease remains in place, the buyer assumes the rights and obligations under the existing lease, and the lease's terms remain unchanged between the new owner/landlord and the... Read more »

2 Answers | Asked in Contracts, Employment Law, Personal Injury and Sexual Harassment for Virginia on
Q: Hi I'd like to know if this includes surveillance in shelters or supportive housing environments through securitas?

I find it extremely lewd and quite offensive still sleeping in my clothes.

F. Paul Maloof
F. Paul Maloof answered on Aug 6, 2020

I regret that I do not handle employment law cases. Sorry.

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1 Answer | Asked in Civil Litigation, Contracts and Landlord - Tenant for Virginia on
Q: Landlord Intentionally Ignoring Me and refusing to set up payment plan as I have been affected by COVID-19

My business was shut down until we reopened (still slow). Apartment management and I agreed verbally with the management office to set up a payment plan. A week later they said they want rent paid in full. I argued my case about the agreement, they said they will talk to the manager. Next day,... Read more »

F. Paul Maloof
F. Paul Maloof answered on Aug 3, 2020

It sounds like these are discussions and negotiations about paying rent. It is not a question is it legal or illegal. It is a question of whether opposing parties can come to an agreement. It takes two to reach an agreement so if one side will not agree, there is no agreement in the eyes of the... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Litigation, Contracts, Civil Rights and Landlord - Tenant for Virginia on
Q: I need help Ny lease apparently ends tomorrow but I can’t leave

I signed a 12 month lease with my landlord and it’s the 7th month and my landlord says the july31st at 8 am everyone who didn’t renew is the last day of their lease but I can’t leave that soon I prepared for a 12 month lease I also lost my job due to COVID and domestic violence so I haven’t... Read more »

F. Paul Maloof
F. Paul Maloof answered on Jul 31, 2020

Even if you have a 12 month written lease, the nonpayment of rent is a breach of the leased and as such the landlord can proceed with a notice for you to pay or quit and then begin legal proceedings to have you evicted. The loss of your job or the domestic abuse is not a defense to nonpayment of... Read more »

2 Answers | Asked in Contracts, Real Estate Law and Landlord - Tenant for Virginia on
Q: Am I obligated to sign this lease when a verbal agreement to sign happened prior to being given a copy of the lease?

I moved into a rental as a third party not on the lease, though I had the Landlord's permission. I have been residing and paying rent to my roommate for 7 months, and she paid the landlord. The lease was on an automatic renewal set to end July 31st and my roommate (who is on the lease) did not... Read more »

Elizabeth Crego
Elizabeth Crego answered on Jul 28, 2020

It seems to me that there are a few different ways this could be interpreted.You could be regarded as merely a permitted occupant for the last seven months under the lease with your roommate, which creates no independent obligation on your part. It also provides no protections for you and you would... Read more »

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1 Answer | Asked in Consumer Law, Contracts, Criminal Law and Real Estate Law for Virginia on
Q: What is the penalty (if any) for HOA board violating the VA Property Owners Association Act?
Elizabeth Crego
Elizabeth Crego answered on Jul 20, 2020

That depends on what they did. Violating the POA Act is unlikely to result in criminal liability on its own. You would want to read the Act in conjunction with the HOA's governing documents to determine what the board did and how to proceed. I recommend getting an attorney to help you... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Litigation, Collections and Contracts for Virginia on
Q: If you pay a demand letter from a community association attorney by the date stated can they later collect lawyer fees

The lawyer via email when I asked “ we are clear now” said I’m will confirm with Hoa I believe so” then 96 days later I receive statement of account from hoa with 4 bills for professional services for 1116$ I call propert mgr the accountant calls me back and says she will look into it then... Read more »

F. Paul Maloof
F. Paul Maloof answered on Jul 16, 2020

Generally, there is a provision in the HOA Bylaws for the right of the HOA to collect attorney's fees. However, the right to claim attorney's fees is not a statutory right but must be awarded by a Judge. I suspect that is the reason the HOA filed the Warrant in Debt and is probably... Read more »

1 Answer | Asked in Contracts for Virginia on
Q: How well do verbal agreements hold up in court?

An older man who was a friend has told me since our verbal barter Arrangement that he has had a fantasy of dating me. Due to my uncomfortability about the situation I have declined to finish our barter Arrangement and he's telling me that I owe him $360. Do I legally owe him anything for hours... Read more »

Shafeek Seddiq
Shafeek Seddiq answered on Jul 12, 2020

It sounds like you have an oral or maybe a written contract with this person. And after you started, he revealed his fantasy to you which made you uncomfortable to finish whatever is was you were going to. Now, he wants his money or remainder of his money. You may have some defense to... Read more »

2 Answers | Asked in Contracts and Landlord - Tenant for Virginia on
Q: My notice wasnt written so charging me 2 months rent. Is this legal?

Roughly 4-6 months ago I made an in person appointment to talk about the lease date and to tell them we were leaving on the lease date. Now we are just leaving and they are saying that we didnt provide a written notice, so they are charging me a "fee" equal to 2 months rent($3000) and... Read more »

F. Paul Maloof
F. Paul Maloof answered on Jun 29, 2020

The Virginia Code requires a "written" notice to be given by either the tenant or the landlord to terminate the lease. This is the law. It is probable that the lease provided for a "written" notice as well so if that is the case, you are bound by the contract.

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