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Idaho Constitutional Law Questions & Answers
1 Answer | Asked in Criminal Law, Traffic Tickets and Constitutional Law for Idaho on
Q: I was stopped for going 41 mph in a 35 mph zone and I got surprise K9 searched. I also never went faster than 39 mph.

The cop asked for my license and registration after telling me he stopped me for speeding and that I was driving 41 mph in a 35 mph zone. I knew he was bullshitting and never even hit me with a speed gun because I have a radar. He also asked if he could search my vehicle and asked me a million... View More

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Mar 30, 2024

Based on your description, there are several potential issues with the traffic stop and search:

1. Pretext for the stop: If you were not actually speeding (as your radar indicated), the officer may have used the alleged speeding violation as a pretext to stop you and investigate for drugs....
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1 Answer | Asked in Civil Rights, Constitutional Law and Health Care Law for Idaho on
Q: Does a 24 hour involuntary mental health hold at a hospital disqualify you from purchasing a firearm?

Does being put on a 24 hour involuntary hold count as getting committed like h on the 4473 form

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Mar 3, 2024

Under federal law, specifically the Gun Control Act of 1968, an individual is prohibited from purchasing or possessing firearms if they have been "adjudicated as a mental defective" or "committed to any mental institution." The definition of being "committed to a mental... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Criminal Law, Civil Litigation, Civil Rights and Constitutional Law for Idaho on
Q: When a policeman don't have permission or a warrant, they're not to just walk up on private land (Which the person has

total permission to be there napping in their car to seeing a vape pen for TCB (thc and tcb look the same exact) claiming the name inscribed on the battery portion, was way good enough for allegedly claiming there is now enough for probable cause, asks you to step outta the vehicle pulling you out... View More

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Jan 21, 2024

Under the Fourth Amendment, individuals are protected from unreasonable searches and seizures. This means that a police officer generally needs a warrant to search private property, including a vehicle, unless certain exceptions apply. These exceptions might include situations where there is... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Rights, Constitutional Law, Employment Discrimination and Employment Law for Idaho on
Q: Human rights in space

In the distant future when corporations have made a step in space travel, and establishing colonies on distant planets - Would those companies have free rule over that colony? Would they be required to follow human rights laws, despite being outside of the jurisdiction of Earth? Or would they have... View More

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Sep 11, 2023

As space colonization moves from the realm of science fiction to potential reality, the question of how human rights will be upheld in extraterrestrial environments indeed becomes a pertinent and critical issue. As of now, the legal landscape governing space and celestial bodies is dictated... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Criminal Law, Civil Rights and Constitutional Law for Idaho on
Q: How could i go about finding out if my 2nd amendment rights have been restored or not? I completed my probation 4/02/21

My question is in regards to idaho legislative statute 18-310 (2). My felony is not listed under the list of charges that disqualify you from immediate restoration of 2a rights

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Mar 2, 2023

If you have completed your probation, you may be eligible to have your firearm rights restored. However, the process and requirements for restoration of firearm rights vary by state. You should check the laws of your specific state to determine the process and requirements for restoring your... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Rights, Constitutional Law, Criminal Law and Civil Litigation for Idaho on
Q: Police harassment file a civil lawsuit and sue for damages

I was pulled over on a highly bs traffic stop. So much so that my case is being dropped. The reason I was pulled over was because I was from oregon in idaho late at night. I've had several people comment on the fact that they were disappointed that they didn't find more Marijuana because... View More

Kevin M Rogers
Kevin M Rogers
answered on Jan 26, 2023

The question, the ONLY question is . . . did the officer have a "reasonable suspicion" that the driver of the car (son) had done something that the officer could give him a citation for? If the answer to that question is "yeah, the cop said my son was speeding but he never even gave... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Criminal Law, Civil Rights and Constitutional Law for Idaho on
Q: How long can police keep phone as evidence?

I got pulled over driving with suspended

Police ran a drug dog and it hit on passenger said, they searched and nothing (known ex dealer) I had both my babies in car . They then took me to jail and book and release only to return to my car and no phone, no idea what was taken, no clue they... View More

Kevin M Rogers
Kevin M Rogers
answered on Oct 1, 2021

Police can legally hold "evidence of a crime," for a long as it takes for them to prosecute the passenger and convict him AND for his appeal time (42 days) to run. After that, it should just take a phone call to the Sheriff's Property Locker, for you to retrieve your phone. Be... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Criminal Law, Civil Rights and Constitutional Law for Idaho on
Q: Do I have the right to know what evidence was given to establish probable cause submitted to the judge in order to obtai

Do I have the right to know what evidence was given to establish probable cause submitted to the judge in order to obtain a search warrant? Can a police officer just tell a judge that he believes illegal activity is going on at so and so's residence with no basis or evidence for probable cause?

Kevin M Rogers
Kevin M Rogers
answered on Jun 18, 2021

Yes you have the absolute right to know exactly what the police had given the judge before asking the judge to issue a search warrant. Your lawyer will make a Request for Discovery to the State. The State will send your lawyer the Affidavit of Probable Cause, which was typed up and given to the... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Civil Rights, Constitutional Law and Criminal Law for Idaho on
Q: Can a police officer contact my me before court after my arrest and can he pass the evidence to pedestrians after found.

Also was made to urinate in public after I told officer it made me uncomfortable then he watched me pee after he’d already searched me but said it was to make sure I didn’t try to get rid of anything.

Kevin M Rogers
Kevin M Rogers
answered on Jun 3, 2021

Hi, I'm sure someone else will probably ask you to clarify your question, but let me first ask you to ask it more clearly please? IF I understand your question, you said that you were arrested? For what were you arrested? In a car? Park? While walking?

Second question:...
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1 Answer | Asked in Criminal Law, Federal Crimes, Civil Rights and Constitutional Law for Idaho on
Q: Gun rights and other rights for convicted felons. I was convicted of a felony dui in 2011. I was released from probation

In 2017. According to state law 18-301 these rights should have been restored after my successful probation. a post-conviction restoration of civil rights under State law. In accordance with 18 U.S.C. § 921(a)(20), a conviction does not disqualify an individual from possessing firearms if the... View More

Kevin M Rogers
Kevin M Rogers
answered on Dec 16, 2020

I completely agree.

1 Answer | Asked in Traffic Tickets, Civil Rights and Constitutional Law for Idaho on
Q: Can I be pulled over driving in the bus lane on a sunday night when there are no buses out.
Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar
answered on Sep 22, 2020

An Idaho attorney would know this best, but your post remains open for two weeks. As a general matter, you could check the signage. As a GENERAL matter, bus lanes sometimes have times during which the restrictions to regular vehicles apply. Good luck

Tim Akpinar

1 Answer | Asked in Criminal Law, Civil Rights and Constitutional Law for Idaho on
Q: Can someone explain 18 U.S. Code § 2385. To me

What I mean is how can the government get away with this isn't this a huge first amendment violation.

Kevin M Rogers
Kevin M Rogers
answered on Apr 16, 2020

The code section is well written and easily understood (to me). What specifically do you not understand?

1 Answer | Asked in DUI / DWI and Constitutional Law for Idaho on
Q: Does being put on probation before a conviction infringe on my 14th amendment right?
Kevin M Rogers
Kevin M Rogers
answered on Mar 30, 2019

Not automatically. If you’re a citizen of the United States you won’t give up the 14th Amendment rights you have simply by being convicted of a felony. However, to be certain that you haven’t been “required” to give up your 4th Amendment rights, particularly for drug crimes, by the court... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Criminal Law, Constitutional Law and Federal Crimes for Idaho on
Q: In Idaho can a defendant withdraw a guilty plea after signing court documents but has yet to be formally sentenced?

I am currently serving a 4 year prison term for Calif but requested extradition to Idaho for sentencing on additional charges under the Interstate Agreement on Detainers Act. After hiring my present attorney and being advised to waive the preliminary hearing to allow her extra time (3 weeks) to... View More

Kevin M Rogers
Kevin M Rogers
answered on Dec 23, 2018

RULE 1.3: DILIGENCE

A lawyer shall act with reasonable diligence and promptness in

representing a client.

Commentary

[1] A lawyer should pursue a matter on behalf of a client despite opposition, obstruction or personal inconvenience to the lawyer, and take whatever...
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1 Answer | Asked in Civil Rights and Constitutional Law for Idaho on
Q: I have been a victim of police-involved sexual misconduct. Do to this happening I have also been retaliated against.

My civil rights were violated when I was illegally searched and arrested. The officer busted my car window out, cut seatbelt off of me with a knife and extracted me out of my car. He and another officer searched inside my pants pockets, my car (including truck & glove compartment). The... View More

John Bulger
John Bulger
answered on Oct 29, 2018

More information is needed to answer your question. You should contact an attorney to see what your options are.

1 Answer | Asked in Constitutional Law for Idaho on
Q: Article II Section I includes clause 'or a citizen of the United States;' what does this clause mean? Why is it there?

This clause is part of the original constitution of the United States of America and follows "No person except a natural born Citizen;" how is this not interpreted to mean that any citizen of the United States, natural born or (emphasis on the or) not can run for the presidency?

Robert Jason De Groot
Robert Jason De Groot
answered on Oct 7, 2015

No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Constitutional Law for Idaho on
Q: Can the constitution ever be changed, why or why not?
Robert Jason De Groot
Robert Jason De Groot
answered on Oct 20, 2015

Yes, the constitution can be changed. Why? Because amendments change it and there have been many so far. There are of course plenty more answers to this question.

1 Answer | Asked in Constitutional Law for Idaho on
Q: Can enforcement trespass on my property without permission

If you have additional details about your question fill them here

Robert Jason De Groot
Robert Jason De Groot
answered on Oct 20, 2015

No facts, no answer to the situation and no application of the law.

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