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Puerto Rico Questions & Answers
1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law and Estate Planning for Puerto Rico on
Q: What is the best way to leave property and unsegregated land to desired heirs? Are there any processes that do not

require a declaration of heirs? As an example, can the land be donated prior to death? If donation or a Will is processed, will it still require a declaration of heirs process? when is deciding to submit a donation or Will a good idea? Does it make the overall process easier for the heirs? If no... View More

Rafael  Pagan-Colon
Rafael Pagan-Colon
answered on Jun 18, 2024

The most control that you have over leaving real estate property, before death, is by donation; after death, conditional to your having left a will before your passing. If you leave a will, the declaration of heirs will not be necessary. Whether to transfer the property via donation or by way of a... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Estate Planning and Family Law for Puerto Rico on
Q: My father died without a will in Puerto Rico and named his best friend as the co-owner and benficiary of his money.

My father died without a will in Puerto Rico. Before he died, he named his best friend as the co-owner and beneficiary of the bank account in Puerto Rico. My father was married for 18 months to a foreign woman who NEVER LIVED in Puerto Rico with my father and of course, she is asking about the... View More

Rafael  Pagan-Colon
Rafael Pagan-Colon
answered on Jun 17, 2024

First of all, I would need to know when did your father die. If he died after November 28, 2020, his wife is as much an heir as your father's children. Although your father may have designated his wife as co-owner of bank funds, once the banks are notified of your father's death,... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law and Estate Planning for Puerto Rico on
Q: Instead of a Will , is it better to donate the property to your children before death? Note, that the land to which the

property is built on has not been properly segregated and there is no deed yet for the land. The land is to be split across 5 heirs. We are in the process of hiring land a surveyor to plot out the land and hopefully get our land and deeds established.

Rafael  Pagan-Colon
Rafael Pagan-Colon
answered on Jun 17, 2024

You can donate the real estate to your children, assuming that it is done in equal parts and assuming that you have no spouse, since, under Puerto Rico rule of law, the spouse is as much an heir as your children.

If you decide to donate the real estate, both you and your children must...
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1 Answer | Asked in Estate Planning and Real Estate Law for Puerto Rico on
Q: is it better to leave a Will in Puerto Rico?

what are the pros and cons? There is real estate property and land that will be inherited by the children regardless if there is a will, but what would by the pitfalls of leaving a will versus not?

Rafael  Pagan-Colon
Rafael Pagan-Colon
answered on Jun 13, 2024

First of all, real estate property in Puerto Rico is subject to the Rule of Law in Puerto Rico, regardless of whether a will exists or not. If you leave no will upon your death, a petition for a declaration of your heirs will need to be presented before the Puerto Rico courts, in the municipality... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Land Use & Zoning for Puerto Rico on
Q: How can I find out information about land left from a deceased relative?

my great grandfather’s name was Flor Correa and his wife’s name was xx

Tim Akpinar
Tim Akpinar
answered on Jun 12, 2024

This looks like something for attorneys who deal with estates, wills, and related matters in Puerto Rico. But your question remains open for two weeks. I'm sorry about the loss of your relative. You could either reach out to attorneys or repost under the headings of "Probate" and... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Estate Planning and Probate for Puerto Rico on
Q: In P.R. my grandfather married my grandmother and had his (FIRST & ONLY LEGITIMATE HEIR) from that marriage, AKA my mom.

She has illegitimate siblings from when he was unfaithful. HOWEVER, she was still his 1st LEGAL HEIR. Now he passed away back in 2000 and apparently left his house in P.R. to my mom even though they never really had that tight loving father/daughter relationship. He tried to rekindle many times but... View More

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Jun 10, 2024

In Puerto Rico, inheritance laws are based on the Civil Code, which can be quite specific about who inherits property. If your grandfather left the house to your mother in his will, she would be the legal heir to the property. Whether she accepts the inheritance or not is her decision, but it... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Family Law for Puerto Rico on
Q: Que pasa si paso pension a un hijo de 16 años y este trabaja puedo dejar de pasar pension alimenticia

Mi hija de 16 años trabaja un part time puedo dejar de pasar la pension alimenticia de ella

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Jun 10, 2024

Aunque tu hija de 16 años tenga un trabajo de medio tiempo, esto no necesariamente significa que puedes dejar de pagar la pensión alimenticia. La obligación de pagar pensión alimenticia generalmente se basa en las necesidades del menor y no en sus ingresos. En muchos lugares, los menores de... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Contracts, Real Estate Law, Elder Law and Landlord - Tenant for Puerto Rico on
Q: ¿Qué sucede si un contrato de arrendamiento, promesa de venta con opción a compra, no contiene el pago de una prima?

¿Qué sucede si una persona envejeciente (de 84 años) firma un contrato de arrendamiento con promesa de venta y por desconocimiento, no le pidió al optante el pago por la exclusividad para guardarle la propiedad que le quiere vender? El envejeciente alega que de haberlo sabido, hubiese requerido... View More

Rafael  Pagan-Colon
Rafael Pagan-Colon
answered on Jun 10, 2024

El Código Civil estipula que se presume que todo adulto es capaz. Si el envejeciente desconocía del proceso, pudo haber solicitado que un abogado de su confianza revisara el contrato de opción previo a firmar. Sin tener a mano el contrato de opción, la otra defensa que tendría el envejeciente... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Real Estate Law for Puerto Rico on
Q: How do you file for a land segregation deed in Puerto Rico when no Deed seems to have ever existed?

It was purchased in the 1940-50's with a declaration jurada.

Rafael  Pagan-Colon
Rafael Pagan-Colon
answered on Jun 4, 2024

To segregate a land plot, you must first retain the services of a licensed engineer, who'll prepare a measurement certification ("certificado de mensura") and a plot plan ("plano de mensura"). With these documents, you will need to file a request with the Puerto Rico Office... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Admiralty / Maritime for Puerto Rico on
Q: Es legal que el DRNA requiera las plantillas de impuesto para poder sacar el sello anual de una embarcación

Cuando fui a sacar el sello de mi embarcación en la oficina del DNRA la señora me indico que tenia que traer las plantillas de impuesto para verificar que ambos dueños (yo y mi esposa) somos los dueños legales de la embarcación, me indico que eso empieza el año que viene???

Alberto J. Castaner
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Alberto J. Castaner
answered on Jun 1, 2024

La Ley 430 llamada Ley de Navegación y Seguridad Acuática de Puerto Rico y el Reglamento tienen los requisitos de inscripción. El Artículo 8 (4) del Reglamento requiere que se presente "evidencia de haber rendido su planilla de contribución sobre ingresos, mediante

certificación...
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1 Answer | Asked in Estate Planning, Family Law and Real Estate Law for Puerto Rico on
Q: Can my grandmother leave me (Grandchild) her home when she passes away while having serviving children?

She lived in Puerto Rico and has 6 children, but wants to leave her home to me can she do that without having to leave her home to her children?

Rafael  Pagan-Colon
Rafael Pagan-Colon
answered on May 23, 2024

So long as your grandmother (a) leaves a valid will in Puerto Rico, and (b) has enough assets in her estate to address her children's legitimate inheritance, she may. A person who testates in Puerto Rico may freely dispose of half of his/her estate (called the free disposition half), leaving... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Estate Planning, Probate and Real Estate Law for Puerto Rico on
Q: What are Ist step to file with the probate court for an estate.

Person died in Puerto Rico 2022, property in Puerto Rico. Will written 1987 in NY not registered in puerto rico. What is the 1st document to be file, I'm told its call a complaint affidavit. This don't sound right. Could someone confirm

Rafael  Pagan-Colon
Rafael Pagan-Colon
answered on May 22, 2024

Actually, the first document that you require would be the deceased's death certificate. A will subscribed outside Puerto Rico may or may not comply with Puerto Rico rule of law, and it may be simpler to just file a Petition for a Declaration of Heirs from the Puerto Rico courts, given the... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Contracts and Real Estate Law for Puerto Rico on
Q: When can a seller sue the buyer for not following thru on contract?

we are a week away from closing. Bank is ready, all docs prepared and attorney fees paid, etc...

Rafael  Pagan-Colon
Rafael Pagan-Colon
answered on May 16, 2024

I'm assuming that an options contract was subscribed by all parties. As a rule, the buyer has the entire option term to execute his/her/its option to purchase the real estate. If he/she/it does not execute the option within the term, the seller has the right to retain the options deposit that... View More

2 Answers | Asked in Real Estate Law, Tax Law and Estate Planning for Puerto Rico on
Q: How can i dispute CRIM’s fines/fees on unpaid taxes for a property I inherited through death?

I paid the principle of over $40k. The dues are even more. I never received a tax bill until Jan 2024.

Rafael  Pagan-Colon
Rafael Pagan-Colon
answered on May 7, 2024

Unfortunately, any property taxes owed must be paid by the heirs of the deceased owner. Whether you receive a bill from CRIM or not depends on whether you notified change of ownership. Assuming there are more than one heir, these taxes are proportionally imputable between the heirs. Legal liens,... View More

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2 Answers | Asked in Real Estate Law, Tax Law and Estate Planning for Puerto Rico on
Q: How can i dispute CRIM’s fines/fees on unpaid taxes for a property I inherited through death?

I paid the principle of over $40k. The dues are even more. I never received a tax bill until Jan 2024.

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on May 8, 2024

I understand this is a difficult and frustrating situation. Here are some steps you can take to try to dispute the fines and fees on the unpaid property taxes:

1. Gather documentation: Collect all relevant paperwork, including the will/trust showing you inherited the property, death...
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1 Answer | Asked in Estate Planning and Real Estate Law for Puerto Rico on
Q: want house in a trust. Have no title yet, but in process adverse possession. Can i put it in name of trust or mine first

i lived in my house since 1960, have evidence of history of gas and light in my name and a sworn declaration from the 1980’s and neighbors as witnesses. I’m currently in the process of an adverse possession to get a title.

1.) Do I have to wait and get a title in my name first and then... View More

Rafael  Pagan-Colon
Rafael Pagan-Colon
answered on May 6, 2024

I'm assuming that an adverse possession in process means that you already have an attorney. I recommend that you consult this very question with your attorney. Nevertheless, with the information you've provided, (1) you need to wait to obtain the real estate title in your name; and (2)... View More

1 Answer | Asked in Tax Law for Puerto Rico on
Q: I’m a 1099 NEC that work for company in Florida remotely from my home in PR. Do I have to pay taxes to IRS as well as PR

I filed taxes from prior year and got a notice saying I have to file in PR and pay taxes as well.

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Apr 23, 2024

As a resident of Puerto Rico who is working remotely for a company based in Florida, you generally have to pay taxes to both the IRS and the Puerto Rico tax authorities. Here's what you should know:

1. Federal Income Tax: Puerto Rico residents are required to file a U.S. federal income...
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1 Answer | Asked in Estate Planning, Real Estate Law, Tax Law and Probate for Puerto Rico on
Q: How do probate laws in NY and PR affect each other? My late husband's properties will be in probate simultaneously.
James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Apr 18, 2024

Probate laws in New York (NY) and Puerto Rico (PR) are separate and distinct, as they are two different jurisdictions. However, if your late husband owned properties in both NY and PR, the probate process will need to be initiated in each jurisdiction simultaneously. Here's what you should... View More

2 Answers | Asked in Family Law and Real Estate Law for Puerto Rico on
Q: La esposa muere. Puede el esposo vender la casa si se volvio a casar y 3 hijos herederos no estan de acuerdo en vender?

Mi madre murio, hay una casa que se heredo entre hijos y mi padre. Mi padre se volvio a casar, quiere vender la propiedad pero los hijos no quieren vender. Es posible vender aun si parte de los herederos no estan de acuerdo?

James L. Arrasmith
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answered on Apr 17, 2024

De acuerdo con la ley de California, si la casa era propiedad comunitaria de su madre y su padre, entonces su padre heredó automáticamente la parte de su madre al momento de su fallecimiento. Esto significa que su padre ahora es dueño de la totalidad de la casa.

Sin embargo, si su madre...
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2 Answers | Asked in Family Law and Real Estate Law for Puerto Rico on
Q: La esposa muere. Puede el esposo vender la casa si se volvio a casar y 3 hijos herederos no estan de acuerdo en vender?

Mi madre murio, hay una casa que se heredo entre hijos y mi padre. Mi padre se volvio a casar, quiere vender la propiedad pero los hijos no quieren vender. Es posible vender aun si parte de los herederos no estan de acuerdo?

Rafael  Pagan-Colon
Rafael Pagan-Colon
answered on Apr 18, 2024

La siguiente respuesta aplica solamente al estado de Derecho en Puerto Rico. Suponiendo que el Registro de la Propiedad refleje que la casa es una propiedad comunitaria de papá y los hijos de mamá fallecida, la respuesta a su pregunta es "NO". Sin embargo, en Puerto Rico, nadie está... View More

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